Export control regulations are federal laws regulating the export, transfer or transmission of certain commodities, software, technology and technical information from the United States to a foreign destination or to foreign nationals on U.S. soil. Export control laws may arise for one or more of the following reasons:
- The nature of the export has a military application or economic protection issue
- There are U.S. government concerns about the country organization or individual receiving the technology or information and
- The end use, or the end user, of the export is of concern.
If the research falls into a category enacting export control laws the researcher may apply for an export license. There are three federal regulations governing university sponsored research:
- The Export Administration Regulations (EAR)
- The International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR)
- The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)
The OFAC covers sanctioned countries.
Fundamental Research Exclusion
Fundamental research is basic or applied research in science and/or engineering when the resulting information is expected to become part of the public domain. This means there are no restrictions on publication beyond those intended to protect pre-existing proprietary information or intellectual property rights.
If the research in question is fundamental research export control regulations do not apply.
NIU Research and Export Control
It is a smart practice to check with the Office of Research Compliance and Integrity if a researcher is:
- sending research elements overseas,
- discussing research with persons outside of the U.S.,
- discussing research with a foreign national inside the U.S. or
- allowing visual inspections of any technology, software or technical data to any non-U.S. citizen whether in the U.S. of abroad.
Researchers should be aware that criminal penalties exist for individuals who unlawfully export or disclose export-controlled information.
Please check this website for future updates. ORCIS is currently developing checklists to better guide Researchers in determining their export control requirements.