Constitution Day

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About Constitution Day

Constitution Day commemorates the formation and signing of the U.S. Constitution by 39 forefathers on September 17, 1787, recognizing all who, are born in the U.S. or by naturalization, have become citizens. When Constitution Day falls on a weekend or on another holiday, schools and other institutions observe the holiday on an adjacent weekday. In 2014, Constitution Day falls on Wednesday.

Constitution Day--along with Independence Day and Presidents' Day--is an important part of the cultural heritage of the United States of America because it recognizes the value of the American experiment and the success of a nation of free people whose rights and liberties are protected by a written Constitution.

The law establishing the present holiday was created in 2004 with the passage of an amendment by Senator Robert Byrd to the Omnibus spending bill of 2004. Before this law was enacted, the holiday was known as Citizenship Day. In addition to renaming the holiday, the act mandates that all publicly funded educational institutions, and all federal agencies, provide educational programming on the history of the American Constitution on that day.

Constitution Day Resources

National Constitution Center
Information includes a countdown to Constitution day, historical information about the Constitution including an interpretation of each section of the Constitution and the "Constitution Hall Pass," an award-winning video series about the Constitution.

U.S. Senate Historical Office
Contains information about the system of checks and balances signed in 1789, including the original text and a detailed explanation of each part of the document.

Colonial Williamsburg iCitizenForum
Website contains the full text of the U.S. Constitution, including links to translations in 11 languages (flag icons at the top of the page).

National Archives
Contains teaching activities for observing Constitution Day.

ConstitutionFacts.com
In addition to the entire text of the Constitution, the Bill of Rights and the Declaration of Independence, read about interesting insights into the men who wrote the Constitution, how it was created, and how the Supreme Court has interpreted the United States Constitution in the two centuries since its creation. The site also features interactive quizzes about the Constitution and the founding fathers.

Constitution Day
at NIU

Northern Illinois University will commemorate Constitution Day in the following ways:

  • By distributing pocket size copies of the constitution in the Student Recreation Center and Holmes Student Center on September 17.
  • The College of Law will be hosting a panel of law faculty who will discuss recent Supreme Court cases in the Riley Courtroom in Swen Parson Hall from noon to 1 p.m. on Wednesday.