A History of Popular Culture in Japan, From the Seventeenth Century to the Present

Chapter 1: The worst which has been thought and said? Defining popular culture

Matthew Arnold, Culture and Anarchy (1869) (Project Gutenberg)

Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies (University of Birmingham)

Alain de Botton, “The Psychology of Taste, and Choice” (NPR)

Frankfurt School and Institut für Sozialforschung (Marxists.org)

Antonio Gramsci and theory of hegemony

Chapter 2: Floating worlds—the birth of popular culture in Japan

Edo-Tokyo Museum

The Fart War (He-gassen, 1840s) (Waseda University)

Illustrated Books Tell of Vibrant Reading Culture in Edo-Period Japan (Smithsonian)

Invitation to Bunraku (puppet theater)

Invitation to Kabuki

Japanese Illustrated Books from the Edo and Meiji Periods (Smithsonian)

Japanese Woodblock Print Search (Ukiyo-e.org)

Kabuki Woogie (blog by theater scholar Samuel Leiter)

Kamigata Ukiyoe Museum (Ōsaka)

Tōjin odori (“Korean” dance, festival in Tsu, Mie prefecture)

Yūki-za Marionette Theater

Chapter 3: Delicate dancing—early modern Japan’s culture wars

Hideyoshi and His Five Wives (for which Kitagawa Utamaro was arrested) (Library of Congress)

Shunga: sex and pleasure in Japanese art (British Museum)

Henry Smith’s scholarship on the Akō Vendetta (Forty-seven rōnin)

Tsutaya Jūzaburō, “The man who popularized the Edo pleasure district” (Japan Times)

Chapter 4: Popular culture as subject and object of Meiji modernization

The Japan Punch (Graphic Arts Collection, Princeton University)

Manga pioneer Kitazawa Rakuten (Comics Forum)

Kobayashi Kiyochika: “Master of the Night” (Smithsonian exhibit)

Rakugo” (The Art of Storytelling) (Nippon.com)

Street singer (sōshi enkashi) Soeda Azenbō’s “Carefree Song” (Nonki bushi)

Street singer (sōshi enkashi) Ueki Emori, “Civil Rights Counting Song” (Minken kazoe uta)

Two Nations—Kitazawa Rakuten and the Problem of Kindai Manga” (What is Manga?)

Chapter 5: Cultural living—cosmopolitan modernism in imperial Japan

The Art of Benshi: The Voices of Silent Film (Japan Powered)

A Brief History of Benshi (Silent Film Narrators) (Japan Society)

Forgotten Fragments: An Introduction to Japanese Silent Cinema (Midnight Eye)

Kinema Club (Japanese film studies)

Major League All-Stars 1934 Tour of Japan (National Baseball Hall of Fame)

The Roots of Japanese Anime—Until the End of WWII (Zakka Films)

Takarazuka Revue

Chapter 6: Entertaining empire—popular culture as a “technology of imperialism”

Ch’oe Sŭnghŭi, Korean dancer

Film’s Mark on Colonial Korea (Korea Herald)

Imperial Postcards (East Asia Image Collection, Lafayette College)

Plasmatic Empire: Animated Filmmaking in the Manchukuo Film Association, 1937-1945” (Harvard-Yenching Institute)

Taiwan’s Kano baseball team (Taipei Times)

Yamaguchi Yoshiko (Ri Kōran), Fragrant Orchid: The Story of My Early Life (University of Hawai‘i Press)

Chapter 7: “Our spirit against their steel”—mobilizing culture for war

Die for Japan: Wartime Propaganda Kamishibai (documentary by Jeffrey Dym)

Gunka—Japanese War Songs

Japanese Postcards of the Russo-Japanese War (MIT Visualizing Cultures)

Momotarō’s Divine Sea Warriors (1945 anime propaganda)

Russo-Japanese War footage (real and faux) (Huntley Film Archives)

Woodblock Prints of the Sino-Japanese War (1894-95) (MIT Visualizing Cultures)

Woodblock Prints of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-05) (MIT Visualizing Cultures)

Chapter 8: Democracy, monstrosity, and pensive prosperity—postwar pop

The Complete Tokyo 1964 Olympics Film (Olympic History)

‘Enka’ still strikes nostalgic nerve” (Japan Times)

Kyōto International Manga Museum

Nagasaki Nightmare: Art of the Hibakusha (Atom Bomb Survivors) (Art for a Change)

A Revisionist History of Postwar Pop” (Nippon.com)

Sazae-san and the Grandmother of Manga” (Anime Feminist)

10 Great Japanese Gangster Movies (BFI)

Tezuka Osamu Manga Museum

Tōei Movie Village (Eiga Mura)

Tōhō monster movies (kaijū eiga)

Zatōichi—The Blind Swordsman

Chapter 9: Millennial Japan as dream factory

Christmas in Japan: Globalization versus Localization (documentary by Junko Kimura and Russell W. Belk)

Cool Japan Creative Industries Policy (Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry)

Cool Japan Research Project (MIT)

Japan Pledges to Halt Production of Weirdo Porn That Makes People Puke” (satire from The Onion)

Japanese Mascots (Last Week Tonight With John Oliver)

The Japanese Version (Center for New American Media documentary)

Noriko Manabe, The Revolution Will Not Be Televised: Protest Music After Fukushima companion website (Oxford University Press)

When Cuteness Comes of Age” (Mosaic)

You Can’t See It (You Can’t Smell It, Either)” (Rankin’ Taxi & Dub Ainu Band)