Gutenberg Exchange Lesson Nine: Relative Clauses
There is an alternative version of this lesson which does not teach HTML coding. We recommend that you switch to the NO-HTML version of lesson nine unless you are in an advanced class.

Computer Literacy Objectives: In this lesson you are introduced to basic HTML coding.

Writing Objectives: You learn how to construct and identify relative clauses.

In this lesson, you will look at a web page's source file and learn some of basic HTML commands; you will download the source file; and you will imitate the sentences contained in that file.


  1. Review adjective clusters, and return to this page.
  2. Access the source document for this page, but before you do, read BOTH this step and the next completely. To access the source, place the cursor on the "view" prompt at the top of the Netscape page, click, and then click on the option "source." A page will appear that looks like it has typical wordprocessor text in it with several front (<) and back (>) pointer brackets in it. Within these pointer brackets are the HTML commands which format the page.
  3. After looking at the source document briefly, return to this page by clicking on the button at the bottom of the page in early Netscape versions or by clicking on the down arrow in the upper right hand corner of later versions.
  4. Go to an introduction to relative clauses.
  5. Read it carefully, and then view its source page briefly.
  6. Go to a page containing sample relative clauses.
  7. Bring up its source page, view it, and then save it to disk. You do this by:
    • Returning to the Netscape version of the document;
    • Clicking on the file option in the upper left-hand corner;
    • Clicking on the "save as" option in the drop down window;
    • Specifying the drive that contains your disk and giving the document a name when so prompted.
  8. After saving the sample relative clauses to disk, open your word processor or notepad and load the file. Notepad will load it without any difficulty, but your word processor will probably ask you what kind of document it is. It is a "Text" document, or an "ASCii" document.
  9. When you have the document up in the word processor, toggle back to this page.
  10. Go to A Reference Guide to HTML. Toggle back and forth between the source document on the word processor and the guide to HTML coding, trying to identify the commands contained in the source document. There are fifteen commands in it (if you count the commands that turn a function off--they have a / in them). For this step, only pay attention to material inside the < and > brackets.
  11. When you figure out a code, write it down with a note explaining its function. Try to define all of the codes in the source document of the "sample relative clauses" page.
  12. Return to the source document on your word processor and delete all of the HTML coding, leaving the text of "sample relative clauses."
  13. Under each sentence, type in an imitation of the sentence, using your own words but employing relative clauses as the model sentence does.
  14. When you have imitated all of the sentences, go through the text, making the format clear, and putting your name and section number on it.
  15. Print, save, and hand in the completed paper.
  16. Open a new word processor document, and type in the notes you took about HTML codes, print two copies, and save it to disk. Hand one copy in and keep the other.
  17. Close down all open programs, and shut down your computer.

Return to the Gutenberg Exchange Homepage