Gutenberg Exchange Lesson Eleven: Making Links in HTML
There is an alternative version of lesson 11 which does not emphasize HTML coding. We recommend that you switch to the NO-HTML version unless you are in an advanced class.

Computer Literacy Objectives: In this lesson you will learn how to link one hypertext document to another.

Writing Objectives: You will learn basic punctuation rules and apply them to edit a paper.

In this lesson, you will learn six basic punctuation rules. You will then save five files contain punctuation rules to disk and download to Notepad a paragraph that contains punctuation errors. You will correct the paragraph and put in links to web pages that define the rule you are applying. After saving your document as an HTML document, you will load it in Netscape and show your teacher the links.


  1. Review main clauses and free modifiers.
  2. Go to Six Basic Punctuation Rules and study them carefully.
  3. Scan through the following web pages, saving each to disk:
    • A page of comma rules
    • A page of semicolon rules
    • A page of colon rules
    • A page of dash rules
    • A page about conjunctive adverbs
    • A page about keeping punctuation parallel
    • Go back to each one and look at the source code, noticing the "a name" and the "#name" commands. These are links to markers within the same document.
    • Go to Free Modifiers and view its source code to see how you link from one document to a name within another document. Notice under the heading 3 command in that source document the following: a href="bsp.html#4bsps". This command creates a link to the document called "bsp.html" and to the name reference "4bsps".
    • Open Notepad or some other wordprocessor, and open a new document.
    • Copy and paste the following paragraph to the Notepad document.
      When you look at this paragrpah you will be seeing a text that 
      is not punctuated correctly, you should correct the punctuation and
      any capitalization and then put in a href="file.htm#name" links to
      the punctuation pages you have downloaded to disk.  It's important
      that you follow these steps; (1)find the punctuation errors (2)put
      in the correct punctuation (3)find the rule that governs that 
      punctuation situation (4) put in a link to the page and to the 
      spot on that page that contains the rule and (5) put in the rule 
      number when you close the "/a" part of the href.  This may seem like 
      a difficult lesson, however if you take your time--you should be 
      able to do it even I can do it and you are as smart as I am.
    • Make punctuation corrections in the paragraph and put in HTML links to the pages that have the rules that govern each case. If you correct a comma splice, sentence fragment, or run-on, link to the section of the comma rules page that refers to these errors and put (cs), (frag), or (ro) in the space after the address for the link, where you would normally put the rule number. You will probably need to have two copies of the Notepad program running so that you can call up the punctuation pages to see their coding. Toggle back and forth between Notepad documents.
    • Put the HTML code, the title code, the body code, and a title at the top of the document. An HTML Reference Guide
    • Save the document with an .htm tag.
    • Come back to Netscape and activate the "load a file" option under the "File" prompt. Load your file and check the links.
    • Keep editing your cluster of files until they work the way you want them to work.
    • Have a classmate check the links for you and then ask your teacher to try the links.
    • Print out the corrected paragraph and hand it in. It should have the correct punctuation and rule numbers following each correction you have made. Make sure your name is on it.
    • Close all open programs and logoff.

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