1. Essence, a popular black women's magazine, featured an essay headed "AIDS: Is It Genocide?"
2. Dr. Leonard Jeffries, Jr., chair of the African-American Studies Department at New York's City College, started a firestorm in July at the Empire State Black Arts and Cultural Festival in Albany by delivering a public address that included several blatantly anti-Semitic remarks.
3. He claimed that "Russian Jewry had a particular control" over the film industry and that "their financial partners, the Mafia, put together a financial system of destruction of black people."
4. He particularly condemned Diane Ravitch, assistant secretary of the Department of Education, | a Bush appointee, as "a Texas Jew" and "a sophisticated debonair racist."
5. Harold Jacobs, a member of the City University board of trustees, declared that if Jeffries was "teaching bigotry in his classes, instead of African-American studies, that's consumer fraud being paid for by the state."
6. Michael Riff, local leader of the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith, said the controversial speech had "the tinge of classical anti-Semitism: to create a web of conspiracy by suggestion, innuendo and half-truths."
7. James De Jongh, chair of City College's faculty senate, admits that those who opposed the adoption of multiculturalism "are finding it easier to attack Jeffries on an obscure speech than to confront the curriculum."
8. This perception hardened into certainty when another City College professor, Michael Levin, was vindicated by a federal court.
9. Many Jewish and white leaders were virtually silent about the Levin case and his legal victory, a fact not lost on black activists and scholars who reject both anti-Semitism and black chauvinism.
Marable, Manning. "Chapter One: Black America in Search of Itself." Beyond Black and White: Transforming African-American Politics. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/style/longterm/books/chap1/beyond.htm (July 21, 1996).
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