FOR EXAMPLE: For BSPs 1 and 2, expand the verb to an -ing form and remove the helping verb. Then add a totally new main clause.
His nose was running.For BSPs 3 & 4, take away the linking verb or change it to an ing form.
His nose running, Frank looked awful.
His mother was a top executive in the company.Try transforming a passive voice.
His mother being a top executive in the company, Tom felt certain he wouldn't have to begin his career in the mail room.
His hands were blue from the cold.
His hands blue from the cold, Frank huddled over the fire.
All things are equal.
All things being equal, it was a worthwhile trip.
The letter was delayed by the Post Office strike.Annother way to think of absolutes is to recognize them as consisting of a subject plus one of the clusters, even a prepositional phrase cluster (The cards on the table, there was nothing left to do but to concede defeat.)
The letter having been delayed by the Post Office strike, Tom didn't know that his mother had disinherited him.
A gigantic moth, delicate despite its size, alighted on Roberto's shoulder, its wings presenting a near-exact replica of an owl's face, a trick on would-be predators.So, in this sentence, "its wings presenting a near-exact replica of an owl's face" is an absolute. Look at the absolute in the following sentence. So I had a bad feeling that morning sitting in the military C-130 Hercules, circling over theAmazon, those front propellers whirring overtime against a paint job of jungle camouflage.
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