General Resources—This section features sites and organizations that are among the most vocal advocates of expanding the role and scope of scholarly communication.
- Association of Research Libraries - Scholarly Communication
ARL is a principle voice representing the interests of USA research libraries. Their scholarly communication campaign includes several projects: the Coalition for Networked Information (CNI), SPARC (see below), the Information Access Alliance (IAA), and the Library Copyright Alliance (LCA). In this website, you will find extensive information and resources about new publishing models, author rights, the publishing market, and faculty response strategies to these issues. It also has a link to the online newsletter: E-News for ARL Directors.
- SPARC – The Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition
SPARC's main objective is to improve the traditional scholarly publishing system and promote the creation of new scholarly communication models that will stabilize the cost of publications.
It has a membership of over 800 institutions from many countries and collaborates with other international organizations with similar goals. In their efforts for the development of more economical distribution of knowledge, SPARC's primary purpose is to serve researchers, publishers, libraries, and society as a whole. In this website, the reader will find a great deal of information about educating stakeholders, advocacy for policy change, and presentation of real business publishing models. SPARC sponsors training workshops and other events; it also produces the SPARC Open Access Newsletter & Forum, and SPARC enews.
- Create Change
Create Change is a website designed for researchers and educators; it provides an overview of key topics relevant for the creation of scholarly communication programs on campus and encourages the active participation of administrators, faculty and students. It is a collaborative effort maintained by the Association of Research Libraries and SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition).
- D-Lib Magazine
D-LIB Magazine is a leading open-access peer-reviewed journal in the area of digital library collections. It publishes significant works from major players in the field about digital repositories, new publishing technologies, networking, digitization projects, and many other topics of interest. Initially supported partially by the National Science Foundation, it is now produced by the Corporation for National Research Initiatives (CNRI).
- Science Commons
It is an initiative partly supported by MIT and housed at their Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory with the goal of helping researchers in three targeted areas: scholarly publishing, licensing policies, and the utilization of the 'semantic web'. It promotes science publishing projects such as open access publishing and self-archiving. They are also working on simplified licensing procedures for the transfer of research biological materials and the management of large amounts of data created in life science scientific experiments.
Examples of other Scholarly Communication pages:
Most universities in the USA have initiated an active program for the improvement of scholarly communication. The examples listed in this section are representative of these activities.
- Johns Hopkins University
This webpage offers a variety of tools for Johns Hopkins faculty and researchers. In addition to covering the primary aspects of scholarly communications, it also offers a current reading list - most of them available online – divided between the following four concepts: scholarly communication & open access, economic issues, publishing, and open archive initiatives.
- University of California Office of Scholarly Communication
The University of California System's efforts at maximizing the dissemination of knowledge to its constituents is well recognized. The website features information concerning the economics of publishing; alternatives for scholarly communication; management of intellectual property; the use of alternative forms of publishing; and the support of sustainable scholarly communication models. It also has the faculty resolution of March 10, 2005 on The University’s Role in Fostering Positive Change in Scholarly Communication.
- Scholarly Communication - University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
This website is intended to stimulate discussion about scholarly communication issues between the faculty, the Library, the professional societies, and in the academic departments. Among the most significant issues introduced in the site are: the cost of journals; copyright; academic promotion; publishing models; and what faculty members can contribute. There is also information about IDEALS UIUC's institutional repository, and the University Senate endorsement of the CIC Provosts' Statement on Publication Agreements.