Social Anxiety Disorders (SAD), or Social Phobias, involve severe distress around social interaction or performance, and fears of negative evaluation. An individual with social may avoid feared social situations, and may become distressed by the fact that they have these fears. There are two types of social anxiety disorders: generalized social phobia and specific social phobia.
Generalized Social Anxiety. Generalized Social Anxiety is more pervasive pattern of social fears than Specific Social Phobia, involving most or all social situations. This type of social phobia is considered an interaction anxiety, or anxiety around social interactions that may lead to negative evaluation and rejection. Individuals with generalized social phobia fear a wide variety of situations involving other people that may or may not seem related.
Specific Social Phobia. This type of social phobia is considered a performance anxiety, or anxiety about specific social situations that might lead to negative evaluation or embarrassment. Individuals with specific social phobia usually feel comfortable in most social situations, but have anxiety in one or a few focused areas of fear. Common fears include public speaking, eating in restaurants, writing in public, or using public restrooms.
Here are the main treatment options usually considered for social anxiety disorders: