When a person experiences, witnesses, or is confronted with an event (or series of events) that involve actual or threatened physical harm, injury, or death, such as a serious accident, natural disaster, assault, or exposure to wartime combat, he or she may respond with intense fear, helplessness, or horror. These responses to such traumas and other related symptoms may occur in immediate response to the trauma and can continue, even when the person is no longer in danger, or they may have a delayed onset. In some cases, years can pass before symptoms are triggered by the anniversary of the initial trauma, or the occurrence of another trauma.
Some stressors commonly associated with PTSD include threatened death or serious injury; learning about the death, near death, or serious injury of a family member or close friend; and witnessing the death, near death, or serious injury of another person.
Here are the main treatment options usually considered for PTSD: