Specific Phobias are excessive and unreasonable fears of specific situations or objects, such as spiders, or flying in an airplane. Facing these situations or objects, or even thoughts about facing them, brings on severe anxiety or panic attacks. Phobias are more than just extreme fear; they are irrational fear. Adults who have these fears realize that they are irrational, but are still anxiety stricken by the feared object or situation. Thus, the phobic situation or object is either avoided or else endured with intense anxiety. The anxious anticipation, distress in the feared situation, and/or the avoidance are severe enough to significantly interfere with a person's normal daily routine, functioning at work or school, and/or social activities and relationships.
Here are the main treatment options usually considered for PTSD: