POLS 456H: War, Empire and Ethics

Northern Illinois University

Department of Political Science

Spring 2008

 

Instructor

  • Dr. Andrea Radasanu

Office

  • Zulauf 408

Phone Number

  • 753-7052

Email Address

  • aradasanu@niu.edu

Office Hours

  • T & Th 2-3pm, W 12:00-1:00pm or by appointment.

Classroom

  • CL 110

Class Time

  • T & Th 12:30pm-1:45pm

 

 

Course Description:

 

This course will explore the topic of justice in war. While war is often understood to be the breakdown of all civilized relations between countries, it is in fact an activity that has always been bound by rules. In this course, we will be considering some of the most important texts in the history of political thought that address the subject of justice in war. We will study the ancient Greek, Judaic, Christian and Islamic traditions as they pertain to this topic. Then, we will read some of the modern conceptions of morality in war, both from the realist and the idealist camps. Finally, we will aim to assess the relevance of the just war tradition to our contemporary situation, marked by the threat of nuclear war, and the emerging phenomena of humanitarian interventions and international terrorism.

 

Readings:

 

The following are REQUIRED texts. They can be purchased at either of the campus bookstores.

 

v     Course Packet

v     Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan. Hackett.

v     Immanuel Kant, Perpetual Peace and Other Essays. Hackett.

v     Michael Walzer, Just and Unjust Wars. Basic Books.

v     National Conference of Catholic Bishops, Challenge of Peace.

 

 

Course Requirements:

 

1. Attendance and Participation:

 

Your attendance and class participation are important components of the course and will make up 10% of your course grade. You are expected to participate in a lively manner, by answering questions about the texts, asking questions about the texts, and, generally, by offering insightful comments that will enrich your experience as well as that of your fellow students.

 

Since particular passages of the text will be referred to and read in class, please bring the appropriate texts to class.

 

2. Reading:

 

All reading assignments must be completed BEFORE the beginning of the relevant class. Please keep in mind that your ability to participate effectively will depend on your diligence in completing the readings as assigned. All readings as well as all lecture material are fair game for tests and examinations. You must study your readings and take good notes in class in order to do well on the tests and examinations.

 

3. Tests and Assignments:

 

i) Reading Presentation & Written Summary. Each student will have to summarize one of the assigned readings. The summary will be no more than two double-spaced pages. The summary will be presented to the class on the day the reading is to be discussed. Evaluation will depend primarily on the quality of the summary: whether the student has adequately understood and communicated (orally and in writing) the main argument of the reading in question. An excellent summary will also make a concerted effort to raise pertinent questions inspired by the reading. In the first couple of weeks of the term, all students in the class will sign up for a particular reading.

 

ii) Mid-Term Test. This test will ask short and long questions about the themes covered up to the point of the exam. The focus will be on analysis and discussion rather than identification.

 

ii) Presentation of Essay Topics: Two classes will be devoted to student presentations of essay projects. Students will make short presentations (approximately ten minutes) of their main thesis, and the class will discuss each topic in turn. Students will be evaluated on their ability to convey their projects to the class and to engage in a dialogue about their papers.

 

iii) Final Exam. The final exam will take place in the University mandated exam time. It will deal with the themes covered throughout the course.

 

iv) Final Paper. This paper will represent the main scholarly effort of students during the term. Essay topics will be handed out in the first couple of weeks of the course. The parameters of the papers will be spelled out at that time.

 

Grading Scheme:

 

Attendance and Participation: 10%

Reading Presentation & Summary: 15%

Mid-Term Test: 15%

Presentation of Essay Project: 10%

Final Essay: 25%

Final Exam: 25%

 

Grading Scale:

 

93%-100% =

A

90%-92.9% =

A-

87.5%-89.9% =

B+

83%-87.4% =

B

80%-82.9% =

B-

77.5%-79.9% =

C+

60%-69.9% =

D

Less than 60% =

F

 

 

 

Lateness Policy:

 

In principle, NO lateness is permitted in this course. Presentations cannot be rescheduled. Exams will not be made up and the paper will not be accepted late unless extraordinary circumstances intervene.

 

IF there are extraordinary circumstances that make it impossible for the student to complete work or come to class, the professor must be notified as soon as possible. Let it be clear that only EXTRAORDINARY and unexpected circumstances will be considered. For example, a heavy workload within or without the university does not count as extraordinary –and neither does a common cold. If there is a serious medical problem that has impeded the student’s ability to do his or her work, then please let the professor know and bring supporting documentation. NO consideration will be given to those students who do not alert the professor of a problem prior to the due date of an assignment or the date of an assignment, presentation or exam.

 

Class Decorum:

 

You are expected to be courteous and collegial in this class. Here are some of the decorum guidelines:

v     Be on time for class.

v     Do not leave during class. Use the restroom, get a drink of water, etc. before class begins or after it ends. If you must leave early or come in late, please provide a reasonable explanation and be as undisruptive as possible when you are coming or going.

v     Respect your classmates. Do not interrupt your colleagues, and make sure that your comments are civil. Discussion is wonderful and encouraged, but it is only possible when we listen to one another and make comments that are courteous.

v     Do not disrupt lectures. No cell phones, no private conversations, no snoring. If you wish to interrupt to ask a question, please put your hand up. Questions are encouraged!

 

Unannounced Quizzes:

 

The professor reserves the right to give unannounced quizzes if it becomes clear that students are not doing the assigned reading, and the quality of class participation and discussion is unsatisfactory.

 

Extra Credit:

 

Extra credit assignments will not be given on an individual basis to raise final grades.

 

Students with Disabilities:

 

NIU abides by Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 regarding provision of reasonable accommodations for students with documented disabilities. Moreover, your academic success is of importance to me. If you have a disability that may have a negative impact on your performance in this course and you may require some type of instructional and/or examination accommodation, please contact me early in the semester so that I can provide or facilitate in providing accommodations you may need. If you have not already done so, you will need to register with the Center for Access-Ability Resources (CAAR), the designated office on campus to provide services and administer exams with accommodations for students with disabilities. CAAR is located on the fourth floor of the University Health Services building (753-1303). I look forward to talking with you to learn how I may be helpful in enhancing your academic success in this course.

 

Plagiarism Policy:

 

According to the NIU Undergraduate Catalogue “Students are guilty of plagiarism, intentional or not, if they copy material from books, magazines, or other sources without identifying and acknowledging them. Students guilty of, or assisting others in, either cheating or plagiarism on an assignment, quiz, or examination may receive a grade of F for the course involved and may be suspended or dismissed from the university.” In short, all ideas that are not your own or well known must be footnoted. A general rule is that if the information cannot be found in three or more commonly available sources it should be footnoted. All direct quotations must be placed in quotation marks. These guidelines will be enforced. If you are unsure as to what should be footnoted either play it safe and footnote, or ask for assistance. Failure to adhere to the University’s plagiarism policy will result in punishments ranging from a failed course grade to suspension and even expulsion, depending on the egregiousness of the infraction.

 

Political Science Web Site:

 

Students are strongly encouraged to consult the Department of Political Science web site on a regular basis. This up-to-date, central source of information will assist students in contacting faculty and staff, reviewing course requirements and syllabi, exploring graduate study, researching career options, tracking department events, and accessing important details related to undergraduate programs and activities. To reach this site, go to http://polsci.niu.edu

 

Undergraduate Writing Awards:

 

The Department of Political Science will recognize, on an annual basis, outstanding undergraduate papers written in conjunction with 300-400 level political science courses or directed studies.  Authors do not have to be political science majors or have a particular class standing.  Winners are expected to attend the Department’s spring graduation ceremony where they will receive a certificate and $50.00. Papers, which can be submitted by students or faculty, must be supplied in triplicate to a department secretary by February 28.  All copies should have two cover pages – one with the student’s name and one without the student’s name.  Only papers written in the previous calendar year can be considered for the award.  However, papers completed in the spring semester are eligible for the following year’s competition even if the student has graduated.

 

Religious Observance:

 

If classes or assignments coincide and conflict with your religious observance, please let the professor know as soon as possible so that you can be accommodated in the best possible way.

 

Course Outline and Due Dates:      

 

WEEK ONE:

January 15

INTRODUCTION

Ø      General Introduction: Aims and goals of the course

January 17

 

Ø      Walzer, Chapters Two and Three (Just & Unjust Wars)

WEEK TWO:

January 22

ANCIENT REALISM

Ø      Thucydides, Melian Dialogue (Packet)

Ø      Walzer, Chapter One (Just & Unjust Wars)

January 24

 

Ø      Thucydides, First Lacedaemonian Congress (Packet)

WEEK THREE:

January 29

OLD TESTAMENT & JUST WAR

Ø      Deuteronomy, 20: 1-20 (Packet)

Ø      Walzer, “War and Peace in the Jewish Tradition,” (Packet)

January 31

 

Ø      Maimonides (Packet)

WEEK FOUR:

February 5 & 7

CHRISTIANITY AND JUST WAR

Ø      Augustine, City of God (Packet)

Ø      Ramsey, “The Just War According to St. Augustine,” (Packet)

 

WEEK FIVE:

February 12

CHRISTIANITY & NATURAL LAW; TEST

Ø      Catholic Bishops Letter, Chapter 1: Peace in the Modern World: Religious Perspectives and Principles, pp.5-52 (Challenge of Peace)

February 14

Ø      Mid-Term Test

 

WEEK SIX:

February 19 & 21

ISLAM, JUST WAR & JIHAD

Ø      Khadduri, “Justice among Nations,” (Packet)

Ø      Ali & Rehman, “The Concept of Islamic International Law,” (Packet)

 

WEEK SEVEN:

February 26

MODERN REALISM

Ø      Hobbes, Leviathan, Chapters 10-15 (Leviathan)

February 28

Ø      Hobbes, Leviathan, Chapters 17-20, 29-30 (Leviathan)

 

WEEK EIGHT:

March 4

MODERN IDEALISM

Ø      Kant, Idea for a Universal History (Kant)

March 6

Ø      Kant, Perpetual Peace (Kant)

 

WEEK NINE:

March 11 & 13

 

 

SPRING BREAK J

WEEK TEN:

March 18 & 20

FINISH KANT; AGGRESSION & INTERNATIONAL LAW

Ø      Finish Kant

Ø      Walzer, Chapters Four & Five (Just & Unjust Wars)

 

WEEK ELEVEN:

March 25

INTERVENTIONS

Ø      Walzer, Chapter Six (Just & Unjust Wars)

March 27

Ø      Bellamy, “Humanitarian Intervention,” (Packet)

 

WEEK TWELVE:

April 1

ANTICIPATIONS

Ø      Walzer, Chapter Five (Just & Unjust Wars)

April 3

Ø      No Class

 

WEEK THIRTEEN:

April 8

NON-COMBATTANT IMMUNITY

Ø      Walzer, Chapters 8, 9 & 10 (Just & Unjust Wars)

April 10

Ø      Walzer, Chapter 17 (Just & Unjust Wars)

Ø      Catholic Bishops Letter, Chapter 2: War and Peace in the Modern World: Problems and Principles, pp.53-84 (Challenge of Peace)

WEEK FOURTEEN:

April 15

WAR CRIMES

Ø      Walzer, Chapters 18 & 19 (Just & Unjust Wars)

April 17

Ø      David Snow, “War Crimes: The Past in the Present in the Future.” (Packet)

 

WEEK FIFTEEN:

April 22

REGIME CHANGE, NECESSITY & JUST WAR

Ø      Walzer, Preface to the FOURTH Edition (Just & Unjust Wars)

Ø      Walzer, Chapter 16, (Just & Unjust Wars)

April 24

Ø      Presentations

 

WEEK SIXTEEN:

April 29

CONCLUSION

Ø      Presentations

May 1

Ø      Review

Ø      Essays Due