POLS 285-1: Introduction to International Relations

Northern Illinois University

Department of Political Science

Spring 2007

 

Instructor

  • Prof. Andrea Radasanu

Office

  • Zulauf 408

Phone Number

  • 753-7052

Email Address

  • aradasanu@niu.edu

Office Hours

  • Mondays 12:30pm-1:30pm; Tuesdays 2pm-3pm; Wednesdays 12:30pm-1:30pm

Classroom

  • DU 461

Class Time

  • Mondays and Wednesdays 2:00pm – 3:15pm

 

Course Description:

 

After the end of the Cold War, international paradigms shifted, and casual observers, statesmen and academics alike have tried to explain and understand this new world with America as the lone superpower, escalating international terrorism, international responses to domestic oppression in the form of humanitarian interventions, the forces of globalization, and the ever-widening scope of supra-national organizations like the European Union. We live in a world that is intertwined – politically, economically, and culturally – in ways it has never been in the history of human kind.

 

The purpose of this course is to teach you how to explain and analyze this complex world in which we live. The course aims to provide you with the analytical tools and the conceptual frameworks to make informed judgments about the events that are shaping our world as well as those events that have already shaped our world. We will ask ourselves which theories best help describe and explain the patterns of war and peace, wealth and poverty, and international norms and justice. We will use the analytical tools of international relations to assess the current world system with special attention to America’s crucial role in this system.

 

This introduction to the field of International Relations has a secondary purpose. It will serve as a venue for the development of your analytical and critical skills as well as your communication skills, both verbal and written. You will assess theories and arguments with the aim of helping you formulate good arguments of your own. Much attention will be paid to your ability to articulate these arguments in a clear, concise and logical manner.

 

Readings:

 

1. The following are REQUIRED texts. They can be purchased at either of the campus bookstores.

 

2. In addition to acquiring the required books, packets and case studies listed above, you are also responsible for readings mentioned on the course outline (below) that are on library reserve, JSTOR or the Internet. Where articles can be found – packet, JSTOR, library reserve or Internet address – is clearly indicated for each article.

 

3. You must keep up to date on current international events. You may use whatever source you find useful, but the Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is highly recommended. Despite its name, the CSM is not primarily a religious newspaper. It is one of the most respected international papers and thought to have some of the most balanced reporting of any major paper. Moreover, studies show that the CSM has the highest percentage of international news of any major American newspaper. You might want to subscribe to the newspaper, mail or electronic delivery. The electronic edition can be found at http://www.csmonitor.com. Class discussion will assume knowledge of significant current international occurrences.

 

Course Requirements:

 

1. Attendance and Participation:

 

Your attendance and class participation are important components of the course and will make up 10% of your course grade. Attendance will be recorded every class, and class participation will be monitored. Attendance will be recorded in the first TEN minutes of class. Please do not come in after that hoping to sign your name to the attendance sheet. Four or more classes missed, for whatever reason, will result in an automatic 25% penalty of your participation grade. It is especially important to be prepared to discuss case studies or the application of analytical concepts to the historical cases we will be considering.

 

2. Reading:

 

All reading assignments must be completed BEFORE the beginning of the relevant class. In the few cases that topics will be discussed over the course of more than one week, the specific reading responsibilities for each of the classes in question will be clarified the week before. Please keep in mind that your ability to participate effectively will depend on your diligence in completing the readings as assigned. All readings as well as all lecture material are fair game for the two examinations. Not all of the readings will be covered in class, and not all lecture material will be covered in the readings. You must study your readings and take good notes in lectures in order to do well on the midterm and final examinations.

 

3. Tests and Assignments:

 

i) Midterm Test: March 5, 2007, worth 20% of the final grade. The mid-term test will be written in class, and will be one hour long. It will cover all the material up to that point. It will consist of key term definitions, short questions, and a longer essay question.

 

ii) Term Paper.

 

This will be a research paper between 1000 and 1500 words, due at the beginning of class on April 30, 2007. It is worth 30% of the final grade. Paper topics will be distributed within the first few weeks of the beginning of class. One of the paper topic choices will revolve around the Cuban Missile Crisis (and the Muncton & Welch book on this topic assigned for class). Further guidelines will be made clear when the topics are handed out.

 

Content is crucial, but clear and effective writing count as well. If you need help with your writing, be sure to get it from the various writing resources on campus.

 

iii) Final Exam. This exam, worth 35% of the final grade, will be given in the final exam period (May 7, 2-3:50pm). You will be responsible for all of the material in the course, although there will be a strong emphasis on the material covered after the mid-term test. The exam will consist of definitions, identification questions, short questions, and essay questions. More information will be provided as the term unfolds. A review session will be held in the final class of the semester, and a study guide will be handed out in a timely fashion.

 

iv) Pop Quizzes. A handful of brief quizzes will be administered at the beginning of certain classes to ensure that students are doing the assigned readings. This component will make up 5% of your grade.

 

If classes or assignments coincide with your religious observance, please let the professor know as soon as possible so that you can be accommodated in the best possible way.

 

Honors Students. Please note that your work will be graded in a more rigorous manner than students not in the Honors program. Higher standards will apply to your work.

 

Grading Scheme:

 

Attendance and Participation: 10%

Pop Quizzes: 5%

Midterm Test: 20%

Term Paper: 30%

Final Exam: 35%

 

Grading Scale:

 

93%-100% =

A

90%-92.9% =

A-

87.5%-89.9% =

B+

83%-87.4% =

B

80%-82.9% =

B-

77.5%-79.9% =

C+

73%-77.4% =

C

70%-72.9%=

C-

60%-69.9% =

D

Less than 60% =

F

 

 

 

 

 

Lateness Policy:

 

Pop quizzes that are missed cannot be made up.

 

The term paper is due in class (April 30) within the first ten minutes of the beginning of the lecture, but it may be handed in to the Political Science Department before noon on April 30 without penalty. The term paper may be handed in late without penalty only under the most extraordinary and unforeseen circumstances, and with adequate documentation. The determination of the suitableness of the excuse and documentation will be at the discretion of the professor. Those papers that do not adhere to these rules will receive a grade of F.

 

Makeup exams (for the mid-term and final) will only be given in extraordinary circumstances. If such circumstances indeed exist, the professor must be notified as soon as possible and prior to the scheduled exam. Supporting documentation is REQUIRED, and a missed examination without prior notification and a documented excuse will result in a grade of F.

 

Class Decorum:

 

You are expected to be courteous and collegial in this class. Here are some of the decorum guidelines:

v     Be on time for class.

v     Do not leave during class. Use the restroom, get a drink of water, etc. before class begins or after it ends. If you must leave early or come in late, please provide a reasonable explanation and be as undisruptive as possible when you are coming or going.

v     Respect your classmates. Do not interrupt your colleagues, and make sure that your comments are civil. Discussion is wonderful and encouraged, but it is only possible when we listen to one another and make comments that are courteous.

v     Do not disrupt lectures. No cell phones, no private conversations, no snoring. If you wish to interrupt to ask a question, please put your hand up. Questions are encouraged!

 

Extra Credit:

 

Extra credit assignments will not be given on an individual basis to raise final grades.

 

 

Students with Disabilities:

 

NIU abides by Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 regarding provision of reasonable accommodations for students with documented disabilities. Moreover, your academic success is of importance to me. If you have a disability that may have a negative impact on your performance in this course and you may require some type of instructional and/or examination accommodation, please contact me early in the semester so that I can provide or facilitate in providing accommodations you may need. If you have not already done so, you will need to register with the Center for Access-Ability Resources (CAAR), the designated office on campus to provide services and administer exams with accommodations for students with disabilities. CAAR is located on the fourth floor of the University Health Services building (753-1303). I look forward to talking with you to learn how I may be helpful in enhancing your academic success in this course.

 

Plagiarism Policy:

 

According to the NIU Undergraduate Catalogue “Students are guilty of plagiarism, intentional or not, if they copy material from books, magazines, or other sources without identifying and acknowledging them. Students guilty of, or assisting others in, either cheating or plagiarism on an assignment, quiz, or examination may receive a grade of F for the course involved and may be suspended or dismissed from the university.” In short, all ideas that are not your own or well known must be footnoted. A general rule is that if the information cannot be found in three or more commonly available sources it should be footnoted. All direct quotations must be placed in quotation marks. These guidelines will be enforced. If you are unsure as to what should be footnoted either play it safe and footnote, or ask for assistance. Failure to adhere to the University’s plagiarism policy will result in punishments ranging from a failed course grade to suspension and even expulsion, depending on the egregiousness of the infraction.

 

Political Science Web Site:

 

Students are strongly encouraged to consult the Department of Political Science web site on a regular basis. This up-to-date, central source of information will assist students in contacting faculty and staff, reviewing course requirements and syllabi, exploring graduate study, researching career options, tracking department events, and accessing important details related to undergraduate programs and activities. To reach this site, go to http://polsci.niu.edu

 

Undergraduate Writing Awards:

 

The Department of Political Science will recognize, on an annual basis, outstanding undergraduate papers written in conjunction with 300-400 level political science courses or directed studies.  Authors do not have to be political science majors or have a particular class standing.  Winners are expected to attend the Department’s spring graduation ceremony where they will receive a certificate and $50.00. Papers, which can be submitted by students or faculty, must be supplied in triplicate to a department secretary by February 28.  All copies should have two cover pages – one with the student’s name and one without the student’s name.  Only papers written in the previous calendar year can be considered for the award.  However, papers completed in the spring semester are eligible for the following year’s competition even if the student has graduated.

 

Course Outline and Due Dates:      

 

January 17

PART I: Analyzing International Relations

A.    Introduction

·         Spiegel textbook 3rd ed., pp. 3-21, 24-31

January 22

 

B.     Key Concepts

·        Spiegel textbook 3rd ed., 691-706 (Glossary)

January 24

January 29

C. Overview of Theories of International Relations: Realism, Liberalism and Constructivism

·         Stephen M. Walt, "International Relations: One World, Many Theories," Foreign Policy110 (Spring 1998), pp. 29-46 (reading packet).

·         Robert Jervis, “Theories of War in an Era of Leading Power Peace,” American Political Science Review (March 2002), pp. 1-14 (JSTOR).

January 31

D. Levels of Analysis

·         Spiegel textbook 3rd ed., 21-23, 33-35, 92-9

February 5

PART II: How Leaders Decide

A.    The individual level of analysis

·         Spiegel textbook 3rd ed., pp. 72-90

February 7

B.   Deterrence and Compellence

·         Spiegel textbook 3rd ed., pp. 419-433

·         Robert J. Art, “To What Ends Military Power?” International Security 4 (Spring 1980), pp. 4-14 (reading packet)

February 12

C. Crisis case study: the Cuban missile crisis

·         Cuban Missile Crisis: A Concise History by Don Munton & David Welch (Oxford UP).

February 14

PART III: Domestic Determinants of State Action

A.    The unit level of analysis

·         Spiegel textbook 3rd ed., pp. 53-72.

February 19

B.    The military as an instrument of statecraft

·         Spiegel textbook 3rd ed., pp. 406 (box), 434-440.

·         Barry R. Posen, The Sources of Military Doctrine: France, Britain, and Germany Between the World Wars (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1984), pp. 47-59 (reading packet).

February 21

C.       Crisis case study: the July crisis

·         Spiegel textbook 3rd ed., pp. 203-216, 61 (box)

February 26

February 28

PART IV: International Systems

A.    The system level of analysis: Anarchy and Cooperation

·         Spiegel textbook 3rd ed., pp. 35-53, 457-466.

·         Kenneth Walz, Theory of International Politics (Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1979), pp. 79-101 (Chapter 5) (on reserve).

·         Deborah L. Spar and David A. Welch, “Kenneth Waltz and System ‘Structure’: Why Parsimony Does not Pay” (on reserve).

March 5

MIDTERM TEST

March 7

PART V: Transnationalism and Interdependence

B.     Transnationalism, interdependence, and globalization

·         Spiegel textbook 3rd ed., pp. 379-389

·         Robert O, Keohane and Joseph S. Nye, Jr., Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition, 1st ed. (Boston: Little, Brown 1977), pp. 23-37 (on reserve).

March 12 & 14

SPRING BREAK

March 19

C.     The international economy

·         Spiegel textbook 3rd ed., pp. 97-143, 337-375, 481-527.

March 21

PART VI: Processes of Interaction and Conflict Management

A.    Diplomacy and negotiation

·         Carrots, Sticks & Question Marks: Negotiating North Korean Nuclear Crisis (Kennedy School of Government, #1297 & 1298).

March 26

B. International law, norms and organization

·         Spiegel textbook 3rd ed., pp. 529-589.

March 28

C. Reformist visions of world order

·         David A. Welch, “Pacifying International Politics: Contact, Trade, and Institutions” (reading packet).

·         Lee D. Neumann, “World Government,” in Joseph S. Nye, Graham T. Allison, and Albert Carnesale, eds., Fateful Visions: Avoiding Nuclear Catastrophe (Cambridge, MA: Ballinger, 1988), pp. 171-214 (on reserve).

·         Alexander Wendt, “Constructing International Politics,” International Security 20, 1 (Summer 1995), pp. 71-81 (JSTOR).

April 2

D. Conflict Management Case:

·         Establishing an International Criminal Court: The Emergency of a New Global Authority? (PEW 258)

April 4

PART VII: Ethical Dimensions of World Politics

A. Morality and foreign politics

·         Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War, Melian Dialogue (Book Five, paragraphs 84-116) (reading packet).

·         George Kennan, “Morality and Foreign Affairs,” Foreign Affairs, vol. 64 (Winter 1985-1986), pp. 205-218 (reading packet).

·         Craig and George, Force and Statecraft, 3rd edition, pp. 275-283 (reading packet).

April 9

B.     Justice and human rights

·         Rhonda E. Howard and Jack Donnelly, “Human Rights in World Politics,” in International Politics (3rd ed. Robert J. Art and Robert Jervis), pp. 505-524 (reading packet).

·         Roger T. Ames, “Continuing the Conversation on Chinese Human Rights,” Ethics & International Affairs 11 (1997), pp.177-205 (on reserve).

·         Jack Donnelly, “Conversing With Straw Men While Ignoring Dictators: Reply to Roger T. Ames,” Ethics & International Affairs 11 (1997), pp. 207-213 (on reserve).

·         Universal Declaration of Human Rights: http://www.un.org/Overview/rights.html

April 11

C.     Moral Aspects of the use of force

·         Stanley Hoffman, Duties Beyond Borders: On the Limits and Possibilities of Ethical International Politics (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1981), pp. 45-55 (reading packet).

·         Michael Walzer, “Nuclear Deterrence,” in Just and Unjust Wars 3rd ed. (NY: Basic Books, 1977), pp. 269-283 (reading packet).

April 16

Part VIII: Problems in World Politics

A.    Sovereignty and Humanitarian Intervention

·         Lee Feinstein and Anne-Marie Slaughter, “A Duty to Prevent,” Foreign Affairs 83:1 (January/February 2004), pp. 87-102 (reading packet).

·         Clifford Orwin, “Humanitarian Military Intervention: Wars for the End of History?” in Social Philosophy and Policy, vol. 23, no. 1, winter 2006, pp. 196-217 (reading packet).

April 18

B.     Terrorism

·         Spiegel textbook 3rd ed., pp. 440-451.

April 23

C.     Nuclear Proliferation

·         Spiegel textbook 3rd ed., pp. 457-474.

·         Graham Allison, “How to Stop Nuclear Terror,” Foreign Affairs, Jan./Feb. 2004, p.64 (reading packet).

April 25

D.    North-South Issues

·         Review Spiegel textbook 3rd ed., Chapters 3 and 10 (from October 19th readings).

April 30

PART IX: America, September 11th and Beyond

·         Spiegel textbook 3rd ed., pp. 310-319.

·         Neil Ferguson, “A World Without Power,” Foreign Policy (July/August 2004), pp. 32-39 (reading packet).

TERM PAPER

May 2

Review

May 7

FINAL EXAMINATION – 2:00-3:50pm

Professor retains the right to alter the schedule, with due notice to students. Assignment due dates are firm.