Northern Illinois University

Department of Political Science

Spring 2007


Political Science 251, section 3: Introduction to Political Philosophy


Instructor: Travis Smith

Meeting place: DU 246

Meeting Time: MW 2pm-3:15pm


Office: DU 476

Office Hours: Monday 3:30-4:30pm, Wednesday 11:30-1:30pm, or by appointment




Course Description:


††††††††††† The purpose of this course is to provide an introduction into the study of political philosophy.This semester we will carefully examine selected texts from Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, and Locke.As we do so, we will explore some of the most important and enduring questions related to political matters:What is the foundation of political society?Does government have a natural end or purpose, and if so, what is it?What is the relationship between individual and political ethics?How can political philosophy help us better understand what it means to live a good life?What is the relationship between political theory and political practice? These questions and texts require us to think carefully about the ideas such as freedom, equality, justice, laws, and authority.By the end of the semester, students should be able to identify and explain the positions of the philosophers covered in class and note similarities and differences between these thinkersí ideas.


Required Texts:


  1. Plato, 4 Texts on Socrates, revised ed., translated by Thomas G. West and Grace Starry West, (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998).


  1. Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, translated by Martin Ostwald, (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1962).

  2. Niccolo Machiavelli, The Prince, Second ed., translated by Harvey C. Mansfield, (Chicago: University Of Chicago Press, 1998).

  3. John Locke, Second Treatise of Government, edited by C.B. MacPherson, (Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company, 1980).


Course Requirements:


Class Participation (10%): Asking questions and discussing issues are important to gaining a better understanding of the material.This is not the type of course that one can merely memorize facts for an exam.The material requires that we not only read carefully, but consider and wrestle with the problems we come across.Class participation is thus very important.I encourage you to ask insightful questions and make well-reasoned arguments supporting your views.Attendance is necessary for participation.Therefore, after three absences, each class missed will drop oneís class participation one letter grade.


Quizzes (20%): There will be 7 quizzes given at unspecified times throughout the semester.These quizzes should not be difficult for anyone who has listened to the lecture and carefully read the assignments.Your 2 lowest scores will be dropped.In other words, only your top 5 quizzes will count toward your final grade.Make-up quizzes will not be allowed, except under the most extreme circumstances and then such make-ups may be significantly more difficult.Should you miss a quiz due to illness or other personal reasons, remember that it will be dropped as a low score.


Short Papers (40%): Two short papers (4-5 pages) are required: one on either Socrates or Aristotle, and one on either Machiavelli or Locke.For both of these papers you are expected to analyze and critique some idea or argument from the text.Do not try to tackle the entire text; there is too much there for such a short paper.Instead, try to find a single argument or idea that you find interesting and explore it further.Papers must be clearly and well written, with proper grammar and citations.I encourage you to use the University Writing Center to get help polishing your papers.See the course schedule for due dates.Late papers will be penalized on letter grade for each day late


Final Exam (30%): The final exam will be given at the time scheduled by the University.The exam may draw upon any of the material covered in class or from the assigned reading.


Course Policies:


Classroom Etiquette: Be on time and stay for the entire class.By coming in late or leaving early you miss out and you disrupt the learning process for others.Turn off cell phones, ipods, and any other electronic devices.These are distractions to you and others.Discussion is an important part of this course; please be respectful of othersí and listen.Do not interrupt others, and respond to your classmates and me with courtesy.Discussions can often become lively; please help me to maintain a civil environment.Do not let challenging anotherís argument become an attack on their person.


Academic Dishonesty: Regarding plagiarism, the NIU Undergraduate Catalog states: "students are guilty of plagiarism, intentional or not, if they copy material from books, magazines, or other sources without identifying and acknowledging them. Students guilty of or assisting others in, either cheating or plagiarism on an assignment, quiz, or examination may receive a grade of F for the course involved and may be suspended or dismissed from the university." The above statement encompasses a paper written in whole or in part by another; a paper copied word-for-word or with only minor changes from another source; a paper copied in part from one or more sources without proper identification and acknowledgement of the sources; a paper that is merely a paraphrase of one or more sources, using ideas and/or logic without credit even though the actual words may be changed; and a paper that quotes, summarizes or paraphrases, or cuts and pastes words, phrases, or images from an Internet source without identification and the address of the web site.

Statement Concerning Students with Disabilities: NIU abides by Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 which mandates reasonable accommodations be provided for qualified students with disabilities. If you have a disability and may require some type of instructional and/or examination accommodation, please contact me early in the semester so that I can provide or facilitate in providing accommodations you may need. If you have not already done so, you will need to register with the Center for Access-Ability Resources (CAAR), the designated office on campus to provide services and administer exams with accommodations for students with disabilities. The CAAR office is located on the 4th floor of the University Health Services building (815-753-1303).


Undergraduate Writing Awards: The Department of Political Science will recognize, on an annual basis, outstanding undergraduate papers written in conjunction with 300-400 level political science courses or directed studies. Authors do not have to be political science majors or have a particular class standing. Winners are expected to attend the Departmentís spring graduation ceremony where they will receive a certificate and $50.00. Papers, which can be submitted by students or faculty, must be supplied in triplicate to a department secretary by February 28th. All copies should have two cover pages-one with the studentís name and one without the studentís name. Only papers written in the previous calendar year can be considered for the award.


Department of Political Science Web Site: Undergraduates are strongly encouraged to consult the Department of Political Science web site on a regular basis. This up-to-date, central source of information will assist students in contacting faculty and staff, reviewing course requirements and syllabi, exploring graduate study, researching career options, tracking department events, and accessing important details related to undergraduate programs and activities. To reach the site, go to


Course Schedule:


1/17††† Introduction to the course

Socrates/Plato Apology of Socrates

1/22††† 17a-24a (pg. 63-73)

1/24††† 24b-35d (pg. 73-89)

1/29††† 35e-42a (pg. 89-97)

1/31††† Crito 43a-48d (pg. 99-107)

2/5††††† 48e-54e (pg. 107-114)

Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics

2/7††††† 1094a-1098b (pg. 3-19)

2/12††† 1098b8-1103a10 (pg. 19-32)††

2/14††† 1103a15-1105b18 (pg. 33-40)

2/19††† 1105b18-1109b25 (pg. 40-51)

2/21††† 1109b30-1115a5 (pg. 52-68)

Machiavelli The Prince

2/26††† Dedicatory Letter, Ch. 1-3 (pg. 3-16) Paper 1 Due

2/28††† Ch 4-7 (pg. 16-33)

3/5††††† Ch. 8-11 (pg. 34-47)†††

3/7††††† Ch. 12-14 (pg. 48-60)

3/12††† Spring Break

3/14††† Spring Break

3/19††† Ch. 15-18 (pg. 61-71)

3/21††† Ch. 19 (pg. 71ó81)

3/26††† Ch. 20-23 (pg. 83-95)

3/28††† Ch. 24-26 (pg. 96-105)

Locke Second Treatise of Government

4/2††††† Preface, Ch. 1-4 (pg. 5-18)

4/4††††† Ch. 5 (pg. 18-30)

4/9††††† Ch. 6-7 (pg. 30-52)†††††

4/11††† Ch. 8 (pg. 52-65)

4/16††† Ch. 9-13 (pg. 65-83)

4/18††† Ch. 14-15 (pg. 83-91)

4/23††† Ch. 16 (pg. 91-100) Paper 2 Due

4/25††† Ch. 17-18 (pg. 100-107)

4/30††† Ch. 19 (pg. 107-124)††

5/2††††† Review

5/7 Final Exam 2-3:50 pm