POLS 285: Problems of International Relations
(2006 Spring Semester)
Prof. Edward Kwon
Office: Zulauf 402 Department of Political Science
Phone: 753-7055 Class: M & W
E-mail: email@example.com Class Room: DU 246
Office Hours: W
& by appointment
This course is designed to help students’ understanding of the major concepts, significant issues and theories in International Relations, and to broaden their perspective for this subject. It will focus on theoretical frameworks used to analyze change and continuity in international relations with a historical focus. The course is divided into four parts. In the first part, we will explore the main theoretical paradigms of international relations (realism, liberalism, and constructivism) and their empirical applications in world politics. Second, we will consider the change and continuity of international relations with a historical context. The evolution of Cold War and post-Cold War international systems, the two world wars, globalization and regionalism, and North and South relations will be discussed. Third, we will critically analyze instruments and strategies of conflict and cooperation among various international (state and non-state) actors in the international system. This will include a detailed analysis of diplomacy and bargaining, alliance, foreign policy, terrorism, security and war, international regime, and international law. Finally, we will study major areas of international political economy such as international trade, multinational corporations, international money and finance, and development. By the end of the semester, it is expected that students who have successfully completed this course will have a better understanding of the current issues in the field of international relations and will have developed their own critical perspective and research tools for further study.
Most of this course consists of lectures by the instructor, student presentation, and class discussion. In each session, students will have various scholarly papers from major journals in International Relations, and articles from the New York Times, Newsweek, Time, or CNN about the current and historical issues of Global Politics and International Relations. Through the reading, student presentation, and brief discussion, the students will be encouraged to share their opinion and understanding, and help to formulate their own critical viewpoints in comparing other colleagues’ opinion about the various topics in Global Politics and International Relations.
1) Attendance and Class Participation (30%)
Class attendance and participation is very important for students to accomplish this course objective. In each class, two students will present an overview of an assigned article (book chapter) based on their research concern. During the presentation, the instructor will intervene from time to time to give some comments. Students are expected to attend all classes, so absences without pre-notification to the instructor will affect the course grade adversely. Students who miss more than four classes cannot get credit. Student should read the assigned readings before class meetings and prepare for class discussion and presentation. Contributions to the class discussion including prepared comments and energetic participation will be considered in your grade.
2) In class Examinations (50%)
Two in-class examinations will be administered to test students’ understanding of key concepts and contents covered in assigned materials. The questions in these exams will be a combination of multi-choice, short answers, essay questions, and correct answer selection.
3) Written Assignment (20%)
Students will be assigned several short papers (journal) on important scholarly articles and current hot issues in international relations. From these written assignments, student will improve their academic writing skill.
Robert J. Art and Robert Jervis, International Politics: Enduring Concepts
and Contemporary Issues, 7th
Steven L. Spiegel, Jennifer M. Taw, Fred L.
Wehling, and Kristen P. Williams,
Charles W. Kegley, Jr and Eugene R. Wittkopf, World
Politics: Trend and Transformation,
10th ed. (
section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, NIU is committed to making
reasonable accommodations for persons with documented disabilities. Those
students with disabilities that may have some impact on their coursework and
for which they may require accommodations should notify the Center for Access-Ability
Resources (CAAR) on the fourth floor of the
- Course Introduction
Week 2 (Jan 23, 25): Framework for Analysis
- Analyzing Contemporary International Relations
- International Relations as a Field of Study
- Theories and Methods
- Three perspectives on IR (Conservative, Liberal, and Revolutionary)
Levels of Analysis as an Analytical Tool
- Individual, Role, Government, Society, Relations, and World System
Week 3-4 (Jan 30, Feb 1): IR Theories
IR Theories I: Realism and Liberalism
* Niccolo Machiavelli, The Prince, translated and with an introduction by Harvey C. Mansfield (Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 1998).
** Edward Hallett Carr, The Twenty Years’ Crisis, 1919-1939: An Introduction to the Study of International Relations (New York: Harper and Row, Publishers, 1964).
** Hans J. Morgenthau, Politics Among nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace, 5th ed. (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1973).
** Kenneth N. Waltz, Man, the State and War: A Theoretical Analysis (New York: Columbia University Press, 1954), Chap. 2, 4, 6, and 8.
** Kenneth N. Waltz, Theory of International Politics (Reading, Mass: Addison-Wesley, 1979), Chap. 1-6.
** Kenneth N. Waltz, “Structural Realism after the Cold War,” International Security 25, no. 1 (Summer 2000): 5-41.
** Gideon Rose, “Neoclassical Realism and Theories of Foreign Policy,” World Politics 51, no. 1 (October 1998): 144-172.
** Robert O. Keohane, After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy (New York: Princeton Univ. Press, 1984), Chap. 1-3, and 6.
** Robert O. Keohane and Joseph S. Nye, Jr., Power and
Interdependence, 3rd ed. (
** Robert Jervis, “Realism, Noeliberalism, and Cooperation: Understanding the Debate,” International Security 24, no. 1 (Summer 1999): 42-63.
** Robert Powell, “Anarchy in International Relations Theory: The Neorealist-Neoliberal Debate,” (Review Essay) International Organization 48, no.2 (Spring 1994):313-344.
** John Gerard Ruggie, “What makes the World Hang Together? Neo-utilitarianism and the Social Constructivist Challenge,” International Organization 54, no. 4 (Autumn 1988): 855-858.
** Alexander Wendt, Social Theory of International Politics (New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1999).
** Peter J. Katzenstein, ed., The Culture of National Security: Norms and Identity in World Politics (New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1996), Chap 2, 5, and 8.
** Martha Finnemore and Kathryn Sikkink, “International Norm Dynamics and Political Change,” International Organization 54, no. 4 (Autumn 1998): 887-917.
* Jeffrey T. Checkel, “Why Comply? Social Learning and European Identity Change,” International Organization 55, no.3 (Summer 2001): 553-88.
** Immanuel Wallerstein, “The Rise and Future Demise of the World Capitalist System,” Comparative Studies in Society and History 16 (1974): 387-415.
** Robert Cox, “Rramsci, Hegemony, and International relations: An Essay in Method,” in Gramsci, Historical Materialism, and International Relations, ed., Stephen Gill (New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1993), pp. 59-81.
** A. Claire Cutler, “Locating ‘Authority’ in the Global Political Economy,” International Studies Quarterly 43, no.1 (March 1999): 59-81.
Historical Viewpoint of IR
- Great Power Rivalries and Relations
- The Quest for Great Power Hegemony
- World War I
- World War II
- The Cold War, 1945-1990
- The Post-Cold War, 1990- present
** Kegley Jr. and Wittkopf, Chap. 2.(Theories of World Politics)
** Stephen G. Brooks and William C. Wohlforth, “Power, Globalization, and the End of Cold War: Reevaluating a Landmark Case for Ideas,” International Security (Winter 2000).
** George Kennan (writing as “X”), “Source of Soviet Conduct,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 25, no. 4 (July 1947), reprinted in Spring 1987 issue: 858-868.
** Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., “The Origin of the Cold War,” Foreign Affairs 46, no.1 (October 1967).
The State as International Actor
- Sovereignty and the Nature of the State
- The Security Dilemma
Element of Power
- Defining and Estimating Power
- Element of Power
The International System
- Anarchy and Sovereignty
- Hegemony and Power Distribution
- Balance of Power System
- Power and Polarity (Unipolar, Bipolar, Tripolar System)
** Morton A. Kaplan, “Some Problem of International System Research,” International Political Communities: An Anthology (Garden City, NY.: Anchor, 1996).
** Karl W. Deutsch and J. David Singer, “Multipolar Power Systems and International Stability,” World Politics 16, no. 3 (April 1964).
** Jessica T. Matthews, “Redefining Security,” Foreign Affairs 68, no.2 (1989): 162-77.
** Theodore C. Sorensen, “Rethinking National Security,” Foreign Affairs 69 (Summer 1990): 1-18.
- International Organizations
- Non-governmental Organization
- Multinational Corporation
- Substate Actors
Role of International Organization and World Order
- International Norm and Morality
** Robert O. Keohane, “International Institutions: Can Interdependence Work?,” Foreign Policy, Vol. 110 (Spring 1998): 82-96.
** Richard Mansbach, Yale H.
Diplomacy and Bargaining
- Bargaining and Leverage
- Reciprocity, Deterrence, and Arms Races
- Rationality and Game Theory
- Influence based on Economic Resources
- Making Foreign Policy
- Decision Making Models
. The Rational / Organizational Process/ Bureaucratic Model
** Robert D. Putnam, “Diplomacy and Domestic Politics: The Logic of Two-Level Games,” International Organization 42, no. 3 (Summer 1988): 427-60.
** Ole R. Holsti, “Model of International Relations and Foreign Policy,” in G. John Ikenberry, American Foreign Policy: Theoretical Essays, 3rd ed. (New York: Longman, 1999), 37-64.
** Graham T. Allison, “Conceptual Models and the Cuban Missile Crisis,” American Political Science Review, Vol. 63, no.3 (September 1969).
** Graham T. Allison and Philip Zelikow, Essence of Decision: Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis, 2nd ed. (New York: Longman, 1999).
The Causes of International Conflicts
- Territorial Dispute
- Control of Governments
- Economic Conflict
- Ethnic Conflict
- Ideological Conflict
The Quest for Military Capabilities
-Trends in Military Spending
- Changes in Military Capabilities
Means of Leverage
- Types of War
- Conflict Resolution
** Robert Jervis, “Arms Control, Stability, and Causes of War,” World Policy Journal (Winter 1998).
** Robert Jervis, “War and Misperception,” The Journal of Interdisciplinary History XVIII, no. 4 (Spring 1988): 675-700.
** Donald Kagan, “A Look at the Great Wars of the
Twentieth Century,” Naval
** Phillip S. Meilinger, “Force Divider: How Military technology Makes the United States Even More Unilateral,” Foreign Policy (January-February 2002).
- Cause of Terrorism
- Extent of Terrorism
- Chemical and Biological Terrorism
The Background of the September 11 Terrorist Attack
- Islam Fundamentalism
- Usama Bin Laden and the Al Quaeda
- War in
- War in
** National Commission on
Terrorist Attacks, The 9/11 Commission Report: Final Report of the National Commission on
Terrorist Attacks Upon the
(W.W. Norton & Company, 2004).
**Jonathan B. Tucker and Amy Sands, “An Unlikely Threat,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientist, Vol. 55, no. 4 (July-August 1999), www.bullatomsci.org/issues/1999/ja99
The State of the South
Theory of Accumulation and Imperialism
Theoretical Explanations of Underdevelopment
The Politics of Marginalization: The Global South in the International Hierarchy
- The Colonial Origins of the Global South’s Plight
- European Imperialism
- Colonialism, Self-Determination, and Decolonization
The Global South’s Foreign Policy Response to a World Ruled by the Great Powers
- In Search for Power and Wealth
- A New International Economic Order
** Theotonio Dos
** James A. Caporaso, “Dependency Theory: Continuities and Discontinuities in Development Studies,” International Organization 39 (Autumn 1980): 605-28.
** Fernando H. Cardoso, “Dependency and Development in
Trade Strategies and Markets
- Industries and Interest Groups
- Cooperation in Trade
Postwar Trade Regime (GATT)
- The Kennedy Round (1964-1967)
- The Millennium Round (2000- )
- The WTO Doha Round
World Trade Organization
** Robert Gilpin, Global
Political Economy: Understanding the International Economic Order (
** Joan E. Spero and Jeffrey A. Hart, The Politics of International Economic Relations, 5th ed. (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997), Chap. 3. (International Trade and Domestic Politics)
** Stephen D. Krasner, “State Power and the Structure of International Trade,” World Politics, Vol. 28 (April 1976): 317-343.
The International Monetary System
- The Dollar and American Hegemony
- The Bretton Woods System
- The Non-System of Flexible Rates
- Neo-liberalism and the Washington Consensus
** Jeffry A. Frieden, “Exchange Rate Politics,” Review of International Political Economy 1, no.1(1994): 81-98.
** C. Randall Henning, Currencies
and Politics in the
- Direct Foreign Investment
- Host and Home Governments relations
- Business Environment
Debate over the MNC and the nation-state
** David Fieldhouse, “A New Imperial System”? The Role of
the Multinational Corporations Reconsidered,” in Frieden and
** Richard E. Caves, “The Multinational
Week 16 (May 8): Final Examination