POLS 573R NORTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY Prof. D. King

 

Spring 2005 Department of Political Science ZH 405

 

DU 464 Tel. 753-7054

 

Thursday 3:30-6:10 dking@niu.edu Consulting hours:

 

Tue. 3-4:30

 

Fri. 1:30-3

 

Contemporary Indonesian Politics

 

 

 

This is a graduate seminar designed to introduce you to the main political issues, conflicts and institutions for managing them through a wide sampling of the scholarly literature. Our comparative politics curriculum distinguishes between theoretical and configurative courses. Since this course is considered one of the latter, it seems appropriate that we proceed rather "inductively"during most of the course. However, we will devote one early (third) session to theoretical (deductive) debates about regime change and you will have the opportunity to think theoretically in an analytical essay.

 

 

 

Course Requirements:

 

1. Class participation (weighted 40 percent). The seminar format will be taken seriously and you are expected to complete assigned readings on schedule (below), to attend every class and to come prepared to analyze, synthesize and critique the readings for that week. If study questions have been assigned in the previous class session, you should prepare (word processed) written answers prior to their scheduled discussion and hand-in a copy to Mr. King at the end of the class session. They will be graded satisfactory/ unsatisfactory. You are also expected to follow current events in Indonesia through regular reading of an Indonesian news paper (e.g. www.thejakartapost.com) and to volunteer occasionally to give a five minute, oral, analytical, current events report.

 

 

 

2. An 8-10 page (double spaced, 12 point font) analytical essay due April 21 (weighted 30 percent). In this essay, you are requested 1) to identify/describe an important anomaly/contradiction/puzzle in Indonesian political life, 2) to indicate how it can be explained (with reference to several readings) and 3) to forecast what effects it is likely to have in the medium term (3-5 years). Your puzzle must have my approval no later than March 10 (8th week) and your essay is due on April 14. Then you will be asked to convey the gist of your paper to the class in a 10 minute oral report using a 1-2 page handout on April 28th or May 5th. This exercise should be helpful preparation for the final exam.

 

 

 

3. Comprehensive final, take-home examination (weighted 30 percent). The questions will be distributed at the last class session, Thursday, May 5, and will be due on the following Monday, May 9 at 5 p.m. You will probably be asked to answer 3 questions in 10 double-spaced pages or less.

 

 

 

Late exams or papers are not acceptable without the prior permission of the professor and a progressive penalty will most likely be levied against them.

 

 

 

Readings

 

All required readings have been placed on electronic or print reserve in the Library. Three books should be available for purchase at local bookstores. They are:

 

 

 

1. Kingsbury, Damien. The Politics of Indonesia, 2nd Edition. (2002)

 

2. Robison, Richard and Vedi Hadiz, Reorganizing Power in Indonesia (2004) 3. Emmerson, Donald K. Indonesia Beyond Suharto (1999)

 

 

 

One additional book is available for purchase in paperback at our CSEAS; contact Michele in Adams 415, telephone 753-1981.

 

4. Aspinall, Edward and Greg Fealy, Local Power and Politics in Indonesia

 

 

 

Schedule, Topic and Reading Assignments:

 

 

 

1/20 Introduction

 

 

 

1/27 Overview

 

Read: Kingsbury, Damien. The Politics of Indonesia, 2nd Edition. (2002) pp. 1-301 (entire) DS 644.K495 2002

 

2/3 Theoretical Debates about Regime Change

 

Read: Richard Robison and Vedi R. Hadiz, Reorganizing Power in Indonesia (2004), preface and pp. 3-266 (esp. 3-68, 185-266) HC 447.R56 2004

 

 

 

Recommended: Ahmad Habir, "Conglomerates: All in the Family?" Indonesia Beyond Suharto (IBS) JQ 770.I57 1999

 

 

 

2/10 Financial Crisis, the Fall of Suharto, Reforms and Transition to Democracy

 

Read: 1. Emmerson, "Exit and Aftermath: The Crisis of 1997-98," pp. 295-343 in Emmerson, IBS

 

2. Hill, Hal, The Indonesian Economy since 1966, rev.ed., ch. 13, pp. 260-292 HC 447.H55 2000

 

3. Liddle, R.William, "Indonesia's Democratic Transition: Playing by the rules," in The Architecture of Democracy, ed. Andrew Reynolds (Oxford, 2001), pp. 373-399 JC 421 .A73 2002

 

4. King, Dwight, Half-hearted Reform (2003), pp. 1-12, 48-104 JQ 778.K46 2003

 

Recommended: Geoff Forrester and R.J.May, eds., The Fall of Soeharto (1999); R.Wm.Liddle, "Indonesia's Democratic Opening,"Government and Opposition, 34, 1 (1999): 94-116;Weatherbee, Donald, "Indonesia," in John Fuhsheng Hsien and David Newman (eds.) How Asia Votes (2001) Suryadinata, Leo, Elections and Politics in Indonesia (2002)

 

 

 

2/17 Terrorism and Militant Muslims

 

Read: 1. Abuza, Zachary. Militant Islam in Southeast Asia, pp. 1-32; 61-76;140-177; 189-201 231-240 HV 6433.A785 A28 2003

 

2. International Crisis Group (ICG), "Jemaah Islamiyah in Southeast Asia: Damaged but still Dangerous," Asia Report No. 63, August 2003

 

3. ICG, "Indonesia Backgrounder: Jihad in Central Sulawesi," Asia Report No. 74, February 2004

 

4. ICG, "Why Salafism and Terrorism Mostly don't Mix," Asia Report No. 83, September 2004

 

2/24 Consolidating Democracy: Constitutional Changes and the Elections of 2004

 

Read:

 

1. Sebastian, Leonard, "The Paradox of Indonesian Democracy," Contemporary Southeast Asia 26, No.2, pp. 256-

 

2. Emmerson, Donald, "A Year of Voting Dangerously?" Journal of Democracy. Vol 15, No. 1, 2004

 

3. . NDI, "Advancing Democracy in Indonesia: The Second Democratic Legislative Elections since the Transition," (June 2004) See NDI's on-line library Access Democracy at <www.ndi.org>

 

Recommended:

 

Liddle, "Indonesia in 2000: A Shaky Start for Democracy," Asian Survey 41, No. 1, pp. 208-220; Malley, " Indonesia in 2001: Restoring Stability in Jakarta," Asian Survey 42, No. 1, pp. 124-132; Malley, "Indonesia in 2002: The Rising Cost of Inaction," Asian Survey 43, No. 6, pp. 135-146; Kipp, "Indonesia in 2003: Terror's Aftermath," Asian Survey 44, No. 1, pp. 62-69

 

 

 

3/3 The Political Parties

 

Read:

 

1. Sherlock, Stephen, "The 2004 Indonesian Elections: How the System Works and What the Parties Stand For," [list URL if still there]

 

2. Tan, Paige Johnson, "Anti-party Reaction in Indonesia: Causes and Implications," Contemporary Southeast Asia 24, No. 3, pp. 484

 

3. Slater, Daniel, "Indonesia's Accountability Trap,"(Manuscript; forthcoming in Indonesia )

 

4.. Baswedan, Anies, "Political Islam in Indonesia," Asian Survey 44, No. 5,pp. 669-690 < http://caliber.ucpress.net/toc/as/44/5>

 

 

 

 

 

3/10 The Military and Democratization

 

Read:

 

1. Kingsbury, Damien. "The Reform of the Indonesian Armed Forces," Contemporary Southeast Asia 22, No. 2 pp. 302-

 

2. Chandra, Siddharth and Kammen, Douglas, "Generating Reforms and Reforming Generations" World Politics 55, No.1, pp:

 

3. Honna, Jun, Military Politics and Democratization in Indonesia, pp. 1-7, 158-209 JQ766.C58 H663 2003

 

4. ICG, "Indonesia: Rethinking Internal Security Strategy," Asia Report No. 90, December 2004 <www.icg.org/home/index.cfm?id=31908/=1>

 

Recommended:

 

Kingsbury, Damien, Power Politics and the Indonesian Military SAX DS 644.K4953 2003

 

 

 

3/17 Spring break, no class

 

 

 

3/24: Courts and the Judiciary

 

Read:

 

1. Lev, Daniel, Legal Evolution and Political Authority in Indonesia, pp. 3-12, 305-336: SAX KNW 120.L48 2000

 

2.. Lucas, Anton and Carol Warren, 'The State, the People and their Mediators: The Struggle over Agrarian Law Reform in Post-New Order Indonesia," Indonesia, October 2003

 

4. Soetjipto, "Legal Reform and Challenges in Indonesia" pp.269-277 in Indonesia in Transition, Chris Manning and P. Diermen (eds) HN 703.5 I54 2000

 

5. Tim Lindsey, "Black Letter, Black Market and Bad Faith: Corruption and the Failure of Law Reform" Ibid., pp. 278-292

 

 

 

3/31 Regional Resistance and Ethno-nationalism

 

Read:

 

1. Malley, Michael, " Regions: Centralization and Resistance," pp. 71-105 in IBS

 

2. Bertrand, Jacques, "Democratization and religious and nationalist conflict in post-Suharto Indonesia," pp. ?? In Democratization and identity, Susan J. Henders (ed) JQ1499.A91 D46 2004

 

3. Sukma, Rizal, "Conflict management in post-authoritarian Indonesia," pp. 64-74 in Kamien Kingsbury and Harry Aveling (eds.), Autonomy and Disintegratioln in Indonesia DS 644.5 A98 2003 (ADI)

 

 

 

4/7 Separatism: Aceh

 

Read:

 

1. Aspinall, Edward, "Modernity, history and ethnicity," pp. 128-147 in ADI

 

2. Sukma, Rizal, "Aceh in post-Suharto Indonesia," pp. 148-156 in ADI

 

. 3. Rodd McGibbon, "Local Politics and Leadership" Conference on the Historical Background of the Aceh Problem, 2004 (manuscript)

 

 

 

Recommended:

 

4/14 Separatism: Papua

 

Video in class: "Land of the Morning Star"

 

Read:

 

1. Chauvel, Richard, "Papua and Indonesia," pp. 115-127 in ADI

 

2. Rodd McGibbon, "Secessionist Challenges in Aceh and Papua: Is Special Autonomy the Solution?" Policy Studies 10, East-West Center, Washington, 2004

 

[Online at: www.eastwestcenterwashington.org/publications]

 

 

 

Recommended:

 

 

 

4/21 Local Politics and Democratization

 

Read: Aspinall, Edward and Greg Fealy, eds., Local Power and Politics in Indonesia

 

JQ 766.58 L634 2003

 

 

 

4/28 Individual Student Reports

 

5/5 Individual Student Reports, Course Evaluation and Distribution of Final Exam

 

 

 

5/9 Final Exam due in printed format 5 p.m.

 

 

 

Contemporary political history

 

Schwarz, Adam. A Nation in Waiting, 2nd ed. (Boulder: Westview, 2000)

 

 

 

Political culture

 

 

 

Romano, Angela. Politics and the Press in Indonesia: Understanding an evolving political culture (London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003) SAX 5449 .I5, R66 2003

 

 

 

 

 

Political economy

 

 

 

Winters, Jeffrey A. Power in Motion. (Ithaca: Cornell, 1996) HG 5752.W56 1996

 

 

 

Political institutions

 

A. Law and judiciary

 

 

 

Lev, Daniel S. Legal Evolution and Political Authority in Indonesia (The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2000) SAX KNW 120 .L48 2000

 

 

 

B. Military

 

 

 

Anwar, Dewi Fortuna. "Negotiating and Consolidating Democratic Civilian Control of the Indonesian Military." East West Center Occasional Papers, Politics and Security Series, No. 4, February 2001 SAX UA853 .I5 A793 2001

 

 

 

O'Rourke, Kevin. Reformasi: the Struggle for Power in Post-Soeharto Indonesia (New South Wales: Allen and Unwin, 2002

 

 

 

Political culture