POLS 588: East Asian Security
(Graduate Seminar Fall 2005)
Prof. Edward Kwon Northern Illinois University
Office: Zulauf 402 Department of Political Science
Phone: 753-7055 Class: Thurs 3:00 - 5: 40 pm
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Class Room: DU 466
Office Hours: Tues 2:00-3:30 pm
or by appointment
This course is designed as a seminar course for graduate students interested in East Asian security. It focuses on the United States, China, Russia and the former Soviet Union, Japan, and South and North Korea. First, we will investigate theoretical discussions on security on an international systemic level, such as the balance of power, alliance, collective security, and deterrence. Next, we will consider the constructive viewpoints of international security emphasizing the values and identity of the international actors in East Asia. We then will trace the historical background of East Asian security from two broad time frameworks - Cold War and post-Cold War – we will overview the change and continuity of main actors’ strategic concerns and national interests toward the region. In doing so, we will focus on major powers interactions from international relations and international political economic perspectives. We will discuss the importance of economic security such as maintaining stable export and import markets and a proper exchange rate. Lastly, we will explore current hot-button issues in East Asia, such as North Korea’s nuclear weapons program with the updated evolution of the six-party talks, and the economic conflicts among the United States, China, Japan, and South Korea.
1) Class Participation (30%)
Four or five students will present an overview of an assigned article or book chapters based on their research concerns in each class. Student should identify several issues and discuss them in every class. During the presentation, the instructor will intervene from time to time to give some comments and lead class discussions. Students are expected to attend all classes, so absences without pre-notification to the instructor will affect the course grade adversely. Students should read the assigned readings before class meetings and prepare for class discussion. Contributions to the class discussion including prepared comments and energetic participation will be considered in your grade.
2) Two Book Reviews (20%)
Each student should choose two books which are relevant to his/her research concerns, and prepare reviews of 3-5 pages each typewritten and doubled-spaced. The book reviews should contain the following points:
1. Information about the book (Author, book title, place, publisher, year and price)
2. Subject of inquiry (the purpose of the research, the type of methodology, and the scope
of the research)
3. Content of the book
4. Conclusion of the book
5. Your commentary
According to your assigned schedule you will present them during our class.
3) Research Paper and Presentation (50%)
The research paper should be typewritten and double spaced, and 25-30 pages in length. Students should use more than fifteen academic sources (academic journal articles and books). The topic should be taken from one of the issues and on empirical case studies or policy-relevant or theoretical issues that we have studied and discussed in class. The outline of the paper should be submitted before September 15, and approved by the instructor. The paper proposal should follow this guideline: 1. Paper Topic, 2. Research questions 3. Brief summary of your argument, and 4. References.
Bjorn Moller, Security, Arms Control and Defense Restructuring in East Asia
Christopher M. Dent, Asia-Pacific Economic and Security Cooperation
Chalmers Johnson, Blowback: The Costs and Consequence of American Empire
Desmond J. Ball, The Transformation of Security of the Asia/Pacific Region
(Taylor & Francis, 2005).
J.J. Suh, Rethinking Security in East Asia: Identity, Power, and Efficiency
(Stanford Univ. Press, 2004).
John J. Mearsheimer, Tragedy of Great Power Politics
(Norton, W.W., 2002).
Leszek Buszynski, Asia Pacific Security: Values and Identity (Taylor & Francis, 2004).
Michael E. Brown, East Asian Security (MIT, 1996).
Michael Yahuda, International Politics of the Asia-Pacific: Since 1945
Saiichi John Maruya, International Relations Theory and the Asia-Pacific
Samuel S. Kim, North Korea in Northeast Asia (Rowman & Littlefield, 2002).
Samuel S. Kim, The International Relations of Northeast Asia
(Rowman & Littlefield, 2003).
Ted Galen Carpenter and Doug Bandow, The Korean Conundrum: America’s Troubled
Relations with North & South Korea (Macmillan, 2004).
Roger Buckley, The United States in the Asia-Pacific: Conflict and Cooperation
(Cambridge University Press, 2002)
Critical Asian Studies
International Relations of the Asia-Pacific
Journal of Asian Studies
Journal of Contemporary Asia
Journal of Contemporary China
Journal of East Asian Affairs
The China Quarterly
Course Schedule and Reading Assignments
Week 1 (Aug 25): Course Introduction
- What is security study?
- Great power security
- Balance of Power
- Collective security
**Barry Buzan, “Security Architecture In Asia: The Interplay of Regional and Global Levels,” The Pacific Review 16, no. 2 (2003): 143-173.
*Stephen M. Walt, “The Renaissance of Security Studies,” International Studies Quarterly 35, no. 2 (June 1991).
* John J. Mearsheimer, The Tragedy of Great Power Politics (New York: W.W. Norton & Company), chap. 2. Anarchy and the Struggle for Power.
* Robert Gilpin, War and Change in International System.
* Robert Jervis, “An Imterim Assessment of September 11: What Has Changed and What Has Not?,” Political Science Quarterly 117, no. 1 (2002).
- Norm and identity
- Social construction
** Ted Hopf, “The Promise of Constructivism in International Relation Theory,” International Security 23, no. 1 (summer 1998).
** Alexander Wendt, “Anarchy is What States Make of It: The Social Construction of Power Politics,” International Organization 46, no. 2 (Spring 1992).
** Alexander Wendt, “Constructing International Politics,” International Security 20, no. 1 (Summer 1995).
* Leszek Buszynski, Asia Pacific Security: Values and Identity (Taylor & Francis, 2004).
- The Cold War, 1945 - 1989
- Korean War
- Vietnam War
- The U.S. and Asia- Pacific
- The Soviet Union/ Russia and the Asia-Pacific
- China and Asia-Pacific
- Japan and Asia-Pacific
** Roger Buckley, The United States in the Asia-Pacific: Conflict and Cooperation
(Cambridge University Press, 2002). Chap. 1-4.
** Michael Yahuda, International Politics of the Asia-Pacific: Since 1945
(Routledge, 2004). Chap. 1-7.
** Christopher M. Dent, ed., Asia-Pacific Economic and Security Co-operation (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002). Chap. 1-6.
* Bruce Cumings, The Origins of the Korean War Vols. 1 & 2 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981, 1990).
** Sep 15: Research Paper Proposal Due
* Gerald Curtis, ed., Japan’s Foreign Policy After the Cold War (Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 1993).
* David Hitchcock, “East Asia’s New Security Agenda,” Washington Quarterly 17, no. 1 (Winter 1994).
Week 6 (Sep 29): ISA-West Convention
III. Major Power Interactions
** Thomas J. Christensen, “China, the U.S.-Japan alliance, and the security dilemma in East Asia,” International Security 23, no. 4 (Spring 1999).
** Desmond Ball, “Arms and Affluence: Military Acquisitions in the Asia-Pacific Region,” International Security 18, no. 3 (Winter 93-94).
** Jae-Jung Suh, “The Two-Wars Doctrine and the Regional Arms Race: Contradictions in U.S. Post-Cold War Security Policy in Northeast Asia,” Critical Asian Studies 35, no. 1 (March 2003).
** Ted Galen Carpenter and Doug Bandow, The Korean Conundrum: America’s Troubled Relations with North & South Korea (Macmillan, 2004).
** Doug Bandow, Tripwire: Korea and U.S. Foreign Policy in a Changed World (Cato, 1996).
** Saiichi John Maruya, International Relations Theory and the Asia-Pacific (MIT, 2003). Chap. 8: State, Markets, and Great Power Relations, Chap. 10: Economic Interdependence and the Future of U.S.-Chinese Relations.
** T. J. Pempel, Remapping East Asia: The Construction of a Region (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2004).