POLS 381: The U.S. and Latin America

Fall 2003, DuSable 459: MW 2:00-3:15 p.m.

Gregory D. Schmidt Hee-jin Han

Office: Zulauf 308 DuSable 461

Phone: 753-7058 753-1818

Office Hours: M, Th 2-3:15 TBA

& by appointment

E-mail: gschmidt@niu.edu hanheejin@hotmail.com

Can pre-emptive invasions by a democracy be justifiable? Effective? Can the United States "export" democracy? Can a war be fought on an erroneous premise?

These questions may seem new, but––well before the events of 9-11 and its aftermath––they have been

periodically raised by almost two hundred years of interaction between the United States and other

sovereign states in the Western Hemisphere, most of which are Latin American republics. This course examines the evolution of these relations. During the first half of the semester we will follow the development of inter-American relations until the end of World War II. The latter half will focus on the Cold War and post-Cold War periods.

Course Philosophy, Requirements, and Policies

1. The Learning Environment. We are committed to the principle of active learning. For us, this means that learning cannot take place without students' active involvement in, commitment to, and responsibility for their own education. Hence, it is important that students conduct themselves in ways that indicate respect for the learning community and the learning process. During lecture segments, please raise your hand if you have a question. We can, however, be less formal during class discussions, so long as we remember to treat one another with common courtesy. Respect for the learning community precludes such behavior as persistent tardiness, leaving the room during class time (unless one has previously advised the instructor or there is an emergency), falling asleep, reading the newspaper, and studying for another class. NIU policies regarding classroom conduct are discussed in the 2003-2004 Undergraduate Catalog, pp. 48 and 304.

2. Readings and Lectures. Please purchase the following:

Peter H. Smith, Talons of the Eagle: Dynamics of U.S.-Latin American Relations, 2nd Edition (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000).

Robert H. Holden and Eric Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States: A Documentary History (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000).

All required readings (other than current events readings and political cartoons) are contained in the two sources listed above. Lectures will parallel and complement, but not merely repeat, the material in the readings. You are responsible for material covered in readings but not in the lectures and vice versa. You should complete reading assignments for each date before coming to class. We may assign some additional current events readings. We would, however, distribute copies of any additional reading in class.

3. Videos. We will show a number of videos on course-related topics to the extent that time and scheduling permit. These are not "blow-off" classes; indeed, some exam questions will be based on audiovisual materials. We will introduce each video and help you to focus on the most pertinent information and perspectives.

4. Exams. The mid-term exam is scheduled for October 13. The final will be given on December 8. The final is not cumulative. Each exam will have objective (multiple choice, true/false) and essay questions. The mid-term will also have a map section. If necessary, exam grades will be curved, in accordance with overall student performance. We will hand back exams for review in class; however, departmental policy requires us to retain all objective questions and answers on file.

5. Paper. Each student will write a 5-7 page research paper on an historical or current issue encompassing relations between the United States and other countries in the Americas (except Canada). More specific instructions will be handed out during the first three weeks of class. Papers will be due at the beginning of class on December 1

6. Extra Credit. We will not accept extra credit projects to improve low quiz or test grades. We will, however, be glad to help students improve their study habits. Moreover, you can earn up to 4 points of extra credit through attendance and class participation. If you have 2 or fewer recorded absences, we will add 2 points to your course average. We will add 1 point to the course averages of students with 3 or 4 recorded absences. Thus, good attendance can help you, but you are not penalized for poor attendance. We will also give extra credit to students who in our judgment have made significant contributions to class discussion. We will add 1 point for above-average class participation and 2 points for outstanding participation. In assessing class participation, we will emphasize quality, rather than mere quantity.

7. Course Grade. The mid-term, final, and paper will each count for one-third of your grade. Course grades will be distributed as follows:

Final Average and Final Grade

Any Extra Credit

90-100% A

80-89% B

65-79% C

50-64% D

Below 50% F

8. Seating and Determination of Attendance. Beginning the second week of class, all students will sit in permanently assigned seats to facilitate the checking of attendance and so that we can learn your names. If you arrive after roll is checked, please notify the instructor at the end of class so that you can receive a tardy. The first tardy is excused. The second tardy counts as a half-absence. The third and each subsequent tardy count as absences.

Please do not leave class early without prior permission, as this is very distracting. We will count any "walkouts" as absences, unless the student has permission or there is an emergency.

If you have a serious problem that causes repeated absences (such as a serious illness or a family emergency), please let us know. We are concerned with your welfare and will try to help you keep up. But please do not give us specific excuses for missing this or that class. We cannot verify or keep track of "excused" and "unexcused" absences. As noted above, each student can be absent or tardy a certain number of times and still receive extra credit. Again, there is no penalty for poor attendance, though you probably will not do well if you do not attend class regularly.

9. Make-Ups and Incompletes. Make-up exams will be given only in the case of a documented medical or personal emergency. In such an event, Professor Schmidt or the Political Science Office (753-1011) must be notified before the exam. Make-up exams may be all short answer and essay, a format that requires more intensive preparation.

No incompletes will be given for reasons other than a medical or personal emergency and then only after presentation of verifiable documentation. Academic hardship does not qualify as an acceptable excuse.

10. Adjustments in Course Schedule. We will do our best to follow the course schedule outlined below, but we reserve the right to make reasonable adjustments with adequate warning if unforeseeable or uncontrollable circumstances (e.g. weather, illness, travel) so warrant. It is not fair, however, to change the schedule or previously set exam dates simply to accommodate the preferences of some students, since other students inevitably suffer.

11. Academic Integrity. Students are expected to know and comply with NIU policies on academic integrity (see p. 48 of the 2003-2004 Undergraduate Catalog). Any student found guilty of cheating or plagiarism will receive an "F" for the assignment and for the course. He or she also may be subject to additional sanctions imposed by the University.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COURSE OUTLINE

AUGUST 25

Introduction to Course

The Americas: Land and Peoples

AUGUST 27

Stereotypes of Latin America

Video, The Gringo in Mañanaland (61 minutes)

SEPTEMBER 3

Discussion of Stereotypes

Robert H. Holden and Eric Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States: A Documentary History (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000), No. 101, pp. 272-275.

Overview and Framework for Analysis

Peter H. Smith, Talons of the Eagle: Dynamics of U.S.-Latin American Relations, 2nd Edition (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000) pp. ix-xi, 1-8.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, pp. xiii-xviii.

SEPTEMBER 8

The European Game

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 9-16.

Enter the United States: The Monroe Doctrine and Manifest Destiny

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 16-19, 38-50.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, Nos. 1-3, pp. 5-14.

Texas and the Origins of the War With Mexico

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 19-20.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, Nos. 7-8, pp. 21-26.

SEPTEMBER 10

Texas and the Origins of the War With Mexico, continued

Video, Neighbors and Strangers, Part 1 (55 minutes)

SEPTEMBER 15

The U.S.-Mexican War: Outcome and Legacy

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 20-22, 104-105.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, No. 11, pp. 31-33; No. 31, pp. 84-87.

Video, Neighbors and Strangers, Part 3 (short segment on Mr. Polk’s War)

Video, Neighbors and Strangers, Part 4 (final sections on the taking of Mexico City, Treaty of

Guadalupe Hidalgo, Legacy)

SEPTEMBER 17

Discussion of U.S. Mexican War

From War with Mexico to War with Spain

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 22-32.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, No. 9, pp. 26-27; Nos. 12-18, pp. 34-51; No. 22, pp. 64-67.

SEPTEMBER 22

Origins of the Spanish American War

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 32-34, 107-108

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, No. 19, pp. 55-59; No. 21, pp. 61-63; Nos. 24-25, pp. 70-72, No. 27, pp. 76-77; No. 29, pp. 81-82.

Video, Crucible of Empire: The Spanish American War (Act 1, about 42 minutes)

SEPTEMBER 24

The Spanish American War: Synopsis and Legacy

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, No. 26, pp. 74-76; No. 46, pp. 121-122.

Video, Crucible of Empire: The Spanish American War (Act 3, about 30 minutes)

SEPTEMBER 29

Taking Panama, The Roosevelt Corollary, and the Mexican Revolution

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 34-37, 50-54, 105-107.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, No. 23, pp. 68-69; No. 30, pp. 83-84; Nos. 32-34, pp. 88-94; Nos. 36-38, pp. 97-104; Nos. 40-41, pp. 107-112; No. 43, pp. 115-116; No. 45, pp. 119-121; No. 48, pp. 125-127.

Video: Yankee Years (very beginning)

Video: Latin America: Intervention in Our Backyard (first part)

OCTOBER 1

Dollar Diplomacy in the Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Nicaragua

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 54-68, 108-111.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, No. 39, pp. 104-106; No. 42, pp. 113-114; No. 44, pp. 117-119; Nos. 50-52, pp. 130-137.

Video: Yankee Years (segments on Sandino and Good Neighbor, about 30 minutes)

OCTOBER 6

The Good Neighbor Policy

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 68-86.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, Nos. 53-67, pp. 141-181.

Video: Latin America: Intervention in Our Backyard (second part)

OCTOBER 8

Latin American Responses: Engagement and Resistance

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 87-113 (re-read pp. 104-111).

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, Nos. 4-5, pp. 15-18; No. 10, pp. 28-30; No. 15, pp. 42-44; No. 28, pp. 78-80; No. 35, pp. 95-96; No 47, pp. 123-125; No. 49, pp. 128-129.

Catch-Up and Review

OCTOBER 13

Midterm

OCTOBER 15

Latin America’s New Economic Demands

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 207-210.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, No. 73, pp. 198-200; No. 99, pp. 267-269.

Early Post-War Containment

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 115-135.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, Nos. 68-72, pp. 185-198.

Intervention in Guatemala

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 135-139.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, Nos. 74-75, pp. 201-205; No. 77, pp. 208-211; No. 86, pp. 235-237.

Video: Yankee Years, Part 2 (about 25 minutes)

OCTOBER 20

Go Over Tests

Deliverance for Dictatorship

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 197-201.

Nixon’s Latin American Tour and Incomplete Reassessment of U.S. Policy

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 139-142.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, Nos. 79-80, pp. 214-219.

OCTOBER 22

The Cuban Revolution

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 164-169, 193-197.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, No. 78, pp. 211-213; Nos. 81-82, pp. 220-225; No. 84, pp. 229-231; No. 90, pp. 244-246; No. 92, pp. 250-252; Nos. 95-96, pp. 258-261.

Video, Castro’s Challenge (about first 42 minutes)

OCTOBER 27

The Alliance for Progress

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 143-155.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, No. 83, pp. 226-228; No. 85, pp. 232-234; No. 87, pp. 238-39; No. 94, pp. 255-258.

The Mann Doctrine and Cooperation with Authoritarian Regimes

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 155-163, 201-205.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, Nos. 88-89, pp. 239-244;

No. 93, pp. 252-255.

The Dominican Intervention

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 169-172.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, No. 91, pp. 247-249.

OCTOBER 29

The Overthrow of Allende

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 172-178, 190-193.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, Nos. 102-103, pp. 276-282.

Video, La Batalla de Chile (last 30 minutes)

NOVEMBER 3

Carter and Human Rights

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 205-206.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, Nos. 105-106, pp. 286-291.

Non-Alignment

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 210-213.

The Invasion of Grenada

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 178-182.

Video, The US in Latin America: Yankee Go Home (segment on Grenada, about 16 minutes)

NOVEMBER 5

Intervention in Central America

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 182-189, 196-97 (re-read), 213-216.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, Nos. 107-114, pp. 292-316.

NOVEMBER 10

Video, War on Nicaragua (60 Minutes)

NOVEMBER 12

Hegemony By Default and Options for Latin America

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 217-248, 318-352.

The Debt Crisis and Economic Liberalization

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 249-256.

Video, The Americas in the 21st Century (first 30 minutes)

NOVEMBER 17

Free Trade and the Environment

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 257-283.

Video, NAFTA and the New Economic Frontier (23 minutes)

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, Nos. 117-118, pp. 324-330; No. 121, pp. 337-339; No. 123, pp. 343-346.

NOVEMBER 19

Illicit Drugs: Who is Responsible?

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 284-293.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, No. 122, pp. 340-342.

Video, Border War: The US Mexico Drug Connection (22 minutes)

Intervention in Panama

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 293-300.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, No. 116, pp. 321-324.

Video, The US in Latin America: Yankee Go Home (segment on Panama, about 10 minutes)

NOVEMBER 24

The Colombian Quagmire

Video, The Americas Series on Colombia (33 minutes)

Video, Pipeline War (17 minutes)

THANKSGIVING BREAK!

DECEMBER 1

Research Papers Due at the Beginning of Class

Migration

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 300-308.

Holden and Zolov, eds., Latin America and the United States, No. 120, pp. 333-336.

Intervention in Haiti

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 308-317.

Video, The US in Latin America: Yankee Go Home (segment on Haiti, about 12 minutes)

A Democratic Hemisphere?

What Sort of Transition in Cuba?

DECEMBER 3

Structure and Change in U.S.-Latin American Relations

Smith, Talons of the Eagle, pp. 353-370.

Catch-Up and Review

DECEMBER 8

Final Exam (2 – 3:50 p.m.)