Below is some guidance on developing the Background and Significance or Statement of Need for a proposal. Additional writing assistance is under “Useful Links” at the right; detailed guidance from understanding agency guidelines to creating a strong grant proposal is available from a variety of sources. Consult the sponsor to which you are preparing your proposal to see if they offer specific instructions.
The following is an excerpt from The Art of Grantsmanship, by Dr. Jacob Kraicer:
Background and Significance: Current State of Knowledge
The Art of Grantsmanship by Jacob Kraicer
Foundation Center’s Proposal Writing Short Course: Statement of Need
The Art of Writing Proposals by Adam Przeworski and Frank Solomon for the Social Science Research Council
Demystifying Grant Guidelines by Richard Kaplan (The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation)
NIH resources for proposal writers, including a video of a mock study section