CM 1: CLASSICAL MYTHOLOGY ITS ORIGINS AND IMPACT. In this illuminating program, renowned classicists including Sir Hugh Lloyd Jones, of Oxford University, and Gregory Nagy, of Harvard University, explore the origins of classical mythology and its relationship with other aspects of Greek culture, tracing subsequent influences on Western civilization. Topics discussed include, cultural transmission among the Mediterranean peoples of the 8th century BC, the derivation of texts attributed of Homer and Hesiod, interpretations of the myths of Phaeton and Callisto, the connections between Greek myth and tragedy, the Roman use of myths and applications of modern critical theory to mythology. Color. 1 hr. 29 min. English. DVD.
CM 2: THE ONE-EYE CYCLOPS. (The Perilous Voyage: Homer’s “Odyssey” series.) A quick retelling of the Fall of Troy (showing the wooden horse), and a visit to the Land of the Lotus-Eaters, where the desire to dream sweet dreams overcomes many of the Greeks until Odysseus has them forcibly brought aboard his boats again. Crossing the wine-dark sea, they come to the Land of the Cyclops, the murderous giant who disobeys a law of the gods to be hospitable to strangers. Only the cunning of Odysseus saves the Greeks, and as the rosy-fingered dawn approaches, they escape. Color. 15 min. English. DVD.
CM 3: CIRCE THE SORCERESS. (The Perilous Voyage: Homer’s “Odyssey” series.) Having escaped from the Cyclops, the Greeks are made welcome by Aeolus, King of the Winds, who gives Odysseus a bag of winds that would otherwise blow him off course. Within sight of Ithaca and overcome by distrust, his men open the bag to see what treasures Odysseus is hiding. The ensuing storm takes them to the Island of Circe, the sorceress who drugs men and turns them into swine. Through the intervention of Hermes, messenger of the gods, Odysseus is able to withstand the spell, free his men, and learn that, before he can reach home, he must visit Tiresias in the Land of the Dead. Color. 15 min. English. DVD.
CM 4: SCYLLA AND CHARYBDIS. (The Perilous Voyage: Homer’s “Odyssey” series.) Forewarned by Circe, Odysseus has his men plug their ears with wax so they will not hear the Sirens’ song and has himself lashed to the mast. Thus restrained from responding to the lure of promised wisdom Odysseus navigates between the monstrous man-devouring beast Scylla and the wandering ship-shattering rocks of Charybdis. Bemoaning the loss of yet more of his men, Odysseus progresses to the next stage of his journey. Color. 15 min. English. DVD.
CM 5: THE COUNTRY OF THE DEAD. (The Perilous Voyage: Homer’s “Odyssey” series.) Arriving in Hades, Odysseus consults Tiresias, the soothsayer of Thebes, to ascertain the cause of his many misfortunes and learns that Poseidon is the father of the Cyclops. Meeting the shade of Agamemnon, he inquires after the cause of the Argive’s death and is in turn warned about the fickleness of women. Arriving next on the Island of the Cattle of the Sun, Odysseus’ men disregard the warnings not to eat Apollo’s cattle; disobeying, they incur the wrath of the god and further delay their homecoming. Color. 15 min. English. DVD.
CM 6: THE HOMECOMING. (The Perilous Voyage: Homer’s “Odyssey” series.) After seven years, Odysseus the much-enduring leaves Calypso and is shipwrecked once again this time to be tossed ashore in the Land of the Phoecians, where Nausicäa provides the hospitality the gods require of all mortals and Odysseus tells the story of his adventures to King Alcinoüs. Landing finally in Ithaca, he is greeted by the goddess Athene disguised as a beggar, who advises him on the strategy for regaining his palace and his wife. Color. 15 min. English. DVD.
CM 7: THE SLAYING OF THE SUITORS. (The Perilous Voyage: Homer’s “Odyssey” series.) Odysseus and Telemachus are reunited, and their plan almost undone by the old nurse who washes the feet of Odysseus — disguised as a beggar — and recognizes the scar on his foot. Penelope is nearly at the end of her ability to put off the suitors, her nightly unraveling of the robe she is supposed to be weaving for her marriage having finally been betrayed. In the contest to see who can bend the mighty bow of Odysseus, the suitors are slain and Odysseus is reunited with his faithful Penelope. Color. 15 min. English. DVD.
CM 8: ATHENA AND APHRODITE: WISDOM AND LOVE. (In the Paths of the Gods series.) In this study in contrasts and rivalry, we discover that Athene sprang full grown and fully armed from Zeus’s head; Aphrodite emerged from the sea where the physical evidence had landed of Cronus’ castration of Uranus. The stories of Aphrodite are love stories; the myths of Neritis, Anchises, Pygmalion and Galatea, of the contest for the most beautiful woman in the world (and the resulting Trojan War), of Ares and of Adonis. Athene gave mortals the olive tree and became patroness of Attica; she also gave the city her name, and was thanked at the Great Panathenaea, as the Parthenon friezes show. Destined to remain a virgin, Athene invented the chariot, the potter’s wheel and the plow. In the Trojan War, Aphrodite favored the Trojans, while Athene used her wisdom to help the Greeks; Zeus had to mediate between the goddess of wisdom and the goddess of love. Color. 26 min. English. DVD.
CM 9: DEMETER: MIRACLE OF FERTILITY. (In the Paths of the Gods series.) The earth is the foundation of all Greek mythology, for it was the abundance of the earth that caused the birth of the sky, whence the origin of the universe followed. This program begins in Eleusis, one of the oldest sanctuaries dedicated to Demeter and site of the Eleusinian Mysteries, and learn about Triptolemus, who taught mortals the art of agriculture. Thessaly is home to the myth of Deucalion and Pyrrha — the Greek version of Noah’s Ark — while there are various entrances to the underworld These lead us to stories about Charon as well as Persephone, who was reunited with her mother at Eleusis — whose stones are the last witnesses to the ancient rites of spring and the orgies of autumn. Color. 26 min. English. DVD.
CM 10: APOLLO: LIGHT AND HARMONY. (In the Paths of the Gods series.) They called him Phoebus, which means brilliant, also the one who is perpetually reborn and the one who shoots darts from afar — all different characteristics of the radiant sun. We learn of Apollo’s mother Leto, his birth on the island of Delos, his twin sister Artemis, Python and Pythia, the oracle of Delphi, why no one believed Cassandra when she predicted the fall of Troy, Apollo and the concept of spiritual cleansing, Apollo and the lyre, and the stories of Apollo and Daphne, Hyacinthus, Marsyas, Asclepius, and the centaur Chiron. Color. 26 min. English. DVD.
CM 11: JASON AND THE ARGONAUTS. (Ancient Greek Heroes: Myth and Modern Vision series.) A contemporary interpretation of Jason’s quest for the Golden Fleece, this beautifully crafted program scrutinizes what is colloquially referred to as the battle of the sexes. Color. 51 min. English. DVD.