Abstracts of Fall 2012 Lecture Series
Friday, September 7
Lauren Bell, Emily Dow, Colleen Gray, Jenifer Puetz, Matt Ropp, Robert Sabala, Elise Waite, Tiffanesha Williams (Foreign Language and Area Studies Summer 2012 fellows, Northern Illinois University)
FLAS Summer 2012 Student Panel
Friday, September 14 - No Lecture - Cambodia Studies Conference
* 8:00 PM, Cole Hall - Film screening of Cambodian film, Lost Loves with filmmaker, Chhay Bora
* Open to the Public *
Friday, September 21
Prof. R. William Liddle, Political Science, The Ohio State University
Lecture title: Indonesian Democracy: From Transition to Consolidation
Scholars in comparative politics distinguish between democratic transitions and consolidations. In the Indonesian case, most scholars agree that the transition occurred between 1998 and 2004. Despite a preponderance of evidence that democracy has now consolidated, both behaviorally and attitudinally, there are reasons to conclude tentatively. These include: some victories by anti-democratic forces; the dependence of popular support for democracy on popular evaluations of governmental policy performance; slower GDP growth than during the New Order; unstabilized electoral and legislative-executive systems; weak rule of law institutions; and a high level of state intervention in the economy. Professor R. William Liddle specializes in Indonesian, Southeast Asian, Islamic and developing world politics. He is currently conducting research on Indonesian voting behavior and developing a theory of political agency. His publications include: Ethnicity, Party, and National Integration, Politics and Culture in Indonesia, Political Entrepreneurs and Development Strategies: Southeast Asian Cases and Comparisons, and Leadership and Culture in Indonesian Politics. He has been chair of the Southeast Asia Council of the Association for Asian Studies, and Southeast Asia editor of the association’s Journal of Asian Studies.
Friday, September 28
Prof. Katharine Wiegele, Anthropology, Northern Illinois University
Lecture title: Reshaping Philippine Civic Spaces: Charismatic Renewal in Politics, Gender and Citizenship
Over the past few decades, Pentecostal-charismatic Christianity has arguably become the fastest growing religious movement in the world, and some say the largest self-organized movement of the urban poor. Wiegele’s research is part of a global study of renewalism and the politics of citizenship, supported by the Institute on Culture, Religion, and World Affairs (CURA) at Boston University. It deals with charismatic organizations in the Philippines and the upsurge in renewalist groups in the country, and the implications for civic engagement. It examines recent developmental tensions that have arisen as the movement increasingly becomes more involved in national policy debates on population control and poverty.
Friday, October 5 - No Lecture - Burma Studies Conference
* 8:30 PM, Sandburg Auditorium, Holmes Student Center - Film Festival: They Call It Myanmar: Lifting the Curtain, presented by Robert Lieberman
* Open to the Public *
Friday, October 12
Prof. Kenton Clymer, History, Northern Illinois University
Lecture title: The United States and Burma’s Ne Win, 1948-1970
Ne Win, one of Burma's independence leaders, served as commander of the armed forces and as Minister of Defense. In 1958 he took over the government in a “soft coup,” and after eighteen months returned the country to civilian rule. In 1962 he again took over, this time in a hard coup, and established a military dictatorship that has been in place until very recently. This talk will explore American attitudes about, and relations with, Ne Win from 1948 to 1970, focusing on the two coups and the aftermath. Clymer will examine, and try to explain, the change in Ne Win's own attitudes, from being friendly toward the United States to being a bitter opponent. CSEAS associate Kenton Clymer is a Presidential Research Professor in the Department of History, where he teaches courses in the history of American foreign relations. He returns to NIU this semester after a year as a fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C. During that time, he traveled to Burma/Myanmar to conduct research for a forthcoming history of U.S. relations with Burma.
Friday, October 19
Prof. Catherine Raymond, Art History and Director, Center for Burma Studies, Prof. John Hartmann, Distinguished Teaching Professor and Board of Trustees Professor, Foreign Languages and Literatures and Alan Potkin, PhD, Northern Illinois University
Lecture Title: Wat Pathumwanaram: A Lao Cultural Transplant in Bangkok’s Siam Square
Raymond, Hartmann and Potkin, all of whom have spent significant time in Thailand and Laos, offer their individual perspectives on a third-degree royal monastery in what is now an upscale Bangkok shopping district. Commissioned by King Mongkut, r. 1851–1868, the monasteryis noted for its major murals illustrating the Sri Thanonchai, trickster tales found throughout Buddhist Southeast Asia, rather than depictions of the life of the Buddha as is traditional practice. Raymond will examine the Pathum murals in light of the monastery’s original bronze Buddha images, all of which were cast in Vientiane, Laos. Hartmann will discuss the subject of Lao dominance from the outset of Wat Pathum and the possible motivations of Mongkut’s choice of the trickster tales for the interior murals. Potkin will present his panoramic digital imaging of the murals. CSEAS associate Catherine Raymond is a professor of art history in School of Art and director of the Center for Burma Studies. Associate John Hartmann is a Board of Trustees Professor who teaches Thai language and culture in the Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures. CSEAS adjunct Alan Potkin is an independent scholar.
Friday, October 26
Prof. Michael Buehler, Political Science and Ronnie Nataatmadja, PhD candidate, Political Science, Northern Illinois University
Lecture title: Vote-Seeking and Voting Behavior in an Open-Party List System: Comparing Indonesia’s 2004 and 2009 Legislative Elections
Party systems in which candidates are required to compete against co-partisans have been associated with more expensive campaigns and fierce intra-party rivalries. However, the existing literature does not address whether these dynamics actually affect voting behavior. An analysis of Indonesia, where a closed-list system was replaced with an open-list party system between 1999 and 2009, shows that increased campaign spending and intra-party rivalries do not seem to have changed citizens’ voting behavior. The selection and ranking of candidates through party leaders prior to elections are the main reason for incumbency defeat. Hence, party internal dynamics and not citizens are the main force behind elite-turnover in the world’s third largest democracy. CSEAS associate Michael Buehler is an assistant professor in the Department of Political Science. Ronnie Nataatmadja is a PhD candidate in the Department of Political Science.
Friday, November 2
Risa J. Toha, PhD, Indonesia Research Fellow, Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
Lecture title: Explaining Violent Conflicts in Transitioning Indonesia
Why did ethnic riots erupt in certain parts of Indonesia but not others in late 1990s and early 2000s? While explanations for riots in existing literature abound, most have focused on national-level factors and cross-country comparisons, and have not examined local dynamics. Drawing upon both original and available data of violence in districts from 1990 through 2005, and interviews in Central Sulawesi, Maluku, and West Kalimantan, Toha argues that exclusion from local political office motivates disgruntled local elites to mobilize ethnic loyalties and engender clashes between groups. Risa J. Toha holds a PhD in political science from the University of California, Los Angeles. Her dissertation, “Ethnic Riots in Democratic Transition: A Lesson from Indonesia,” examined districts in Indonesia from 1990 through 2005 and identified the role of local political exclusion in accounting for riots in the late 1990s and early 2000s in Indonesia. She previously worked for the Social Development Unit at the World Bank office in Jakarta, Indonesia. As a post-doctoral Indonesian Research Fellow, Toha examines the relationship between regional autonomy, political representation, and public goods provision in districts in post-Soeharto Indonesia.
Friday, November 9
Prof. Craig Etcheson, Visiting Fellow, Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Northern Illinois University
Lecture title: Genocide Justice? Challenges Facing the Khmer Rouge Tribunal
The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia—better known as the Khmer Rouge Tribunal (KRT) —has been a source of controversy since well before it commenced operations in 2006. Now in its seventh year of proceedings, the KRT is facing a variety of inter related challenges which threaten to compromise the completion of its underlying mission. Donor fatigue, allegations of government interference and other issues may interact to bring the court to a close before it is able to reach finality on the substance of the allegations against the accused persons. Etcheson will review these issues and assess their possible impacts on the legacy of the Extraordinary Chambers. Dr. Craig Etcheson specializes in post-conflict recovery of societies shattered by violence, with a particular interest in transitional justice issues. His most recent assignment was as an investigator in the Office of Co-Prosecutors at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia. He has served as a faculty member at the University of Southern California and Yale University, and has been a visiting scholar at Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies and George Washington University’s Sigur Center.
Friday, November 16 (International Education Week) - Sky Room, Light lunch provided
Prof. David Steinberg, Distinguished Professor of Asian Studies, Georgetown University
Lecture title: The Last Amateur: Reflecting on 50 Years of Engagement with Asia
Co-sponsored by the Division of International Programs