Glossary - NIU - Cascade Server Training

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Asset: Every content item that you can edit within Cascade Server: folders, pages, files, blocks, and external links.  “Asset” is the terminology used internally by the Cascade Server system.

Auto-Navigation: An option for creating left navigation on your site. Auto-Navigation uses the DISPLAY NAMES of content items (such as folders and pages) to automatically generate a left navigation that displays on every page. Items can be added or removed from the Auto-Navigation with the DISPLAY? option in pages or the INCLUDE IN option in folders.


Base Folder: The location where all of the content for your website is housed. The Base Folder is sometimes marked by the slash icon ( ) under options like the PARENT FOLDER.

Block: A chunk of content that may be “plugged in” to different locations, like to the TOP NAVIGATION BLOCK, the AREA BELOW NAVIGATION, and to the MAIN HEADING CONTENT BLOCK (when using Flash or JavaScript in place of a static image). Also used for Custom Navigation.

Breadcrumbs: A navigational clue that reminds users how they got to where they did: literally, a “trail back home.” Breadcrumbs are generated automatically from the DISPLAY NAME of a page and the folders that the page is housed in. Breadcrumbs appear as links at the top of the page.


Child Asset: Any content item within a folder. The folder that contains a child asset is called the parent folder.

Child Folder: A type of child asset, or in other words, a folder that is contained within another folder. The folder holding the child folder is the parent folder.

CMS: Content Management System. CMS’s are used to add, remove, and edit content on websites without directly editing the HTML or other background web programming.

Content Item: Everything you create, edit, and manage in Cascade server, including: folders, pages, files, blocks, and external links.

Custom Navigation: The way to create a red top navigation on your site and may be optionally used to create the left navigation menu as well. Custom Navigation is created with a block.

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Display Name: A piece of information used to generate Auto-Navigation and breadcrumbs in Cascade Server. Display Names are most common for pages and folders while generally unused for blocks and files.


External Link: A hyperlink to a website outside of the one being managed in Cascade Server. External links may include hyperlinks to websites like, or to any other NIU website, like


File: An image or other document in Cascade Server. Examples include: .jpg, .doc, .xls, and .pdf

First-Level Item: Any content item (folder, page, or other) contained within only the Base Folder and no other folder. The DISPLAY NAMEs of first-level items are what show in the Auto-Navigation.

Folder: A container used to organize content items, including pages, files, blocks, external links, and other folders.

Folder Directory: The organizational structure of your website, as seen on the left side of your screen in Cascade Server. The Folder Directory starts with the Base Folder.

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Heading: A marker in webpages to show hierarchy and organization. For example, a Heading 1 is more important than a Heading 2, which is more important than Heading 3, and so on. Most pages in Cascade Server will start with a Heading 2, which can be found under the “Format” dropdown menu ( ) in the WYSIWYG Text Editor.

HTML: HyperText Markup Language. HTML is the primary web programming used to generate websites. You can access the HTML view of your webpage within the Page Editor using the HTML icon ( ) in the WYSIWYG Text Editor.

Hyperlink (Link): An element within a webpage that connects that webpage to other content, including to other pages within the same website, to other websites entirely, or even to documents like .doc or .pdf. Within the NIU templates, hyperlinks appear as red text. See: External Link and Internal Link.


Index: The default page for any website or folder. The index page of the Base Folder is your website’s homepage.

Internal Link: A hyperlink to another page or piece of content (like a document) within your website.

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Left Navigation: The menu that appears on the left side of your webpages.  The left navigation may be created through either Auto-Navigation or through Custom Navigation. The recommended practice for creating a left navigation is via Auto-Navigation.

Link: A shortened term for “hyperlink.”

Locking: A function that allows you to “check out” a content item in Cascade Server (folders, pages, files, blocks, and external links). Locking a content item means that other users cannot edit that item until you “unlock” it.


Main Heading: Text that appears in the gray or tan bar above your page and left navigation, but below the NIU logo. The Main Heading may be edited in the Page Editor.

Metadata: Text or other information for a webpage that does not appear to users accessing the page, but rather on the backend to provide additional information about the webpage. Examples of metadata are keywords, tags, and other similar organizational markers.


Navigation: The menu used to access different parts of a website. In Cascade Server, the two options for navigation are a top navigation and a left navigation, which can be generated via either Custom Navigation or Auto-Navigation.

Nesting: The act of placing content items within folders. A page can be nested within a folder, or a folder can be nested within a folder. Nesting is another way to describe the child/parent relationship of content items.


Ordered List: A numbered list in the WYSIWYG Text Editor. Compare to an unordered list.


Page : Every webpage you create for your website within Cascade Server.

Page Editor: The tool used for creating, editing, and updating your pages. The Page Editor is accessed by clicking the “Edit” tab on a page and includes tools like the WYSIWYG Text Editor.

Parent Folder: A folder that contains another folder or other content item, including pages, files, blocks, and external links.  The content item inside a parent folder is known as a child asset.

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Subfolder: The same thing as a child folder: a folder contained within another folder.

System Name: Text that identifies your content items in the Folder Directory and appears in the corresponding webpage’s URL (e.g., contains three system names: “academics,” “undergrad,” and “index.”).


Target: The location where you want a hyperlink to open, whether in a new window or in the same window you are currently using.

Template: The overall design of the NIU websites, which includes color styles, fonts, general layout, and other unifying principles across all NIU websites using Cascade Server.

Title: Text that appears at the top of a browser window or tab. Should be formatted as
“Page Name - NIU - Website Name” e.g. “Contact Us - NIU - Web Communications”

Top Navigation: The red navigation menu that appears at the top of your webpage. The top navigation may only be created through a Custom Navigation (as opposed to an Auto-Navigation).

Tracking Script: Programming code used to track the behavior of users on a website, typically to track information like visits and page views.


Unordered List: A bulleted list in the WYSIWYG Text Editor. Compare to an ordered list.

Username: Your NIU Novell login.


Version: A record of each time a content item is submitted within Cascade Server. Versions are accessible under the “More” tab on a content item.


WYSIWYG: What You See Is What You Get. A text editor that allows you to update web content without directly editing the HTML




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