Fundamental laws of nature; thermodynamics and heat transfer fundamentals; the second law of thermodynamics and entropy; energy efficiency; conservation and sustainability; fluids-thermal-energy components and systems; nanotechnology and nanofluids.
Current Scholarly and Research Interest: Presentations and Manuscripts in Preparation:
“Reflections on Sadi Carnot's 'Reflections on Motive Power of Fire' and Generalization of the Second law of Thermodynamics”
See more at: www.kostic.niu.edu/Sadi-Carnot-Reflections.html
“Reflections on Caloric Theory, Thermal Energy and Reversible Heat Transfer Concept,”
See more at: www.kostic.niu.edu/Clausius-Mechanical-Theory-of-Heat.html
“Reflections on Thermodynamic Reversible Equivalency, Irreversible Energy Degradation and Exergy Loss including Gouy-Stodola Theorem”
See more at: www.kostic.niu.edu/2ndLaw/index.htm
“Reflections on Entropy and the Second law of Thermodynamics: Meanings and Misconceptions”
See more at: www.kostic.niu.edu/Entropy+Physical+Meaning.htm
“Electromagnetic Nature of Thermal and Mechanical Mass-Energy Transfer Due to Photon Diffusive Re-Emission and Propagation,”
See more at: www.kostic.niu.edu/Nature_of_Thermal_and_Mechanical_Energy_Transfer.htm
“Critical Issues in Nanofluids Research and Application Potentials,”
See more at: www.kostic.niu.edu/DRnanofluids/
More available at Selected List of M. Kostic's Publications, etc.